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Titolo:
Transgenic arthropods for pest management programs: Risks and realities
Autore:
Hoy, MA;
Indirizzi:
Univ Florida, Dept Entomol & Nematol, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA Univ Florida Gainesville FL USA 32611 Nematol, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA
Titolo Testata:
EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY
fascicolo: 5-6, volume: 24, anno: 2000,
pagine: 463 - 495
SICI:
0168-8162(2000)24:5-6<463:TAFPMP>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
METASEIULUS-OCCIDENTALIS ACARI; HORIZONTAL GENE-TRANSFER; TRIOXYS-PALLIDUS HYMENOPTERA; WALNUT APHID PARASITE; TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS; BIOLOGICAL-CONTROL; MATERNAL MICROINJECTION; METAPOPULATION DYNAMICS; CARBARYL RESISTANCE; ERWINIA-HERBICOLA;
Keywords:
risk analysis; transgenic arthropods; pest management programs; biological control; genetic improvement; genetic control; horizontal gene transfer; pesticide resistance; containment facilities and procedures; Wolbachia; predatory mites; Metaseiulus occidentalis;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
108
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Hoy, MA Univ Florida, Dept Entomol & Nematol, POB 110620, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA Univ Florida POB 110620 Gainesville FL USA 32611 lle, FL 32611 USA
Citazione:
M.A. Hoy, "Transgenic arthropods for pest management programs: Risks and realities", EXP APPL AC, 24(5-6), 2000, pp. 463-495

Abstract

The ability to genetically engineer arthropods using recombinant DNA meopens new opportunities for improving pest management programs but also creates new responsibilities, including evaluation of the potential risks of releasing transgenic arthropods into the environment. It is now becoming easierto transform diverse species of arthropods by a variety of recombinant DNAmethods. Useful genes and genetic regulatory elements are being identifiedfor pest arthropods, but less effort is being expended to identify genes that could improve the efficacy of beneficial arthropods. A transgenic strain of the natural enemy Metaseiulus (= Typhlodromus or Galendromus) occidentalis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) was developed using a method termed maternal microinjection. This transgenic strain was released into an experimental site on the campus of the University of Florida in 1996 after extensive reviews by the University of Florida Biosafety Committee, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. The short term releases established a precedent for releasing a transgenic arthropod but, at present, no guidelines are available that would allow transgenic arthropods to be released permanently into the environment. Several scientific, environmental, and policy issues must be resolved before transgenic pests or beneficial arthropods can be deployed in practical pest management programs.

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Documento generato il 29/03/20 alle ore 15:19:53