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Titolo:
Paradoxical and less paradoxical effects of thought suppression: A critical review
Autore:
Rassin, E; Merckelbach, H; Muris, P;
Indirizzi:
Maastricht Univ, Dept Psychol, NL-6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands Maastricht Univ Maastricht Netherlands NL-6200 MD aastricht, Netherlands
Titolo Testata:
CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW
fascicolo: 8, volume: 20, anno: 2000,
pagine: 973 - 995
SICI:
0272-7358(200011)20:8<973:PALPEO>2.0.ZU;2-5
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER; OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER; GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER; INTRUSIVE THOUGHTS; AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORY; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES; COGNITIVE THEORY; NONCLINICAL POPULATION; EMOTIONAL MATERIAL; UNWANTED THOUGHTS;
Keywords:
intrusions; psychopathology; thought suppression;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
118
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Rassin, E Maastricht Univ, Dept Psychol, POB 6200, NL-6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands Maastricht Univ POB 6200 Maastricht Netherlands NL-6200 MD ands
Citazione:
E. Rassin et al., "Paradoxical and less paradoxical effects of thought suppression: A critical review", CLIN PSYCH, 20(8), 2000, pp. 973-995

Abstract

The process of consciously trying to avoid certain thoughts is referred toas thought suppression. Experimental research has documented that thought suppression may have paradoxical effects in that it leads to an increased frequency of the to-be-suppressed thought intruding consciousness. It has also been claimed that suppression has disruptive effect on episodic memory (i.e., a less paradoxical effect). The present article critically evaluates studies on the paradoxical and less paradoxical effects of thought suppression. More specifically, the issue of whether thought suppression plays a causative role in the development of various psychopathological symptoms is addressed. While laboratory studies have come up with highly consistent findings about the paradoxical effects of thought suppression, there is, as yet, little reason to believe that such effects are implicated in the etiologyof obsessions, phobias, or other psychopathological conditions. Relativelylittle work has been done on the alleged memory effects of thought suppression. The studies that have examined this issue have found mixed results. Accordingly, the case for the amnestic power of thought suppression is weak. Alternative explanations and competing theories are discussed, and it is concluded that research concerned with the psychopathological consequences of thought suppression would benefit from development of better taxonomies of intrusive thinking and cognitive avoidance strategies. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/09/20 alle ore 12:25:15