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Titolo:
Community prevention of alcohol problems
Autore:
Holder, HD;
Indirizzi:
Prevent Res Ctr, Berkeley, CA 94704 USA Prevent Res Ctr Berkeley CA USA 94704 ent Res Ctr, Berkeley, CA 94704 USA
Titolo Testata:
ADDICTIVE BEHAVIORS
fascicolo: 6, volume: 25, anno: 2000,
pagine: 843 - 859
SICI:
0306-4603(200011/12)25:6<843:CPOAP>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PROGRAM; PROJECT; POLICIES;
Keywords:
alcohol problems; prevention; community action; policy;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Holder, HD Prevent Res Ctr, 2150 Shattuck Ave,Suite 900, Berkeley, CA 94704 USA Prevent Res Ctr 2150 Shattuck Ave,Suite 900 Berkeley CA USA 94704
Citazione:
H.D. Holder, "Community prevention of alcohol problems", ADDICT BEHA, 25(6), 2000, pp. 843-859

Abstract

Local communities have begun using policy to affect the drinking environment itself as an approach to reducing alcohol involved trauma. That is, policy is used to produce structural changes in the drinking environment. In turn, changes in the environment effect changes in drinking behavior. This paper describes an effort in three communities in two states to reduce alcohol problems at the community level, "Preventing Alcohol Trauma: A Community Trial. " This trial was a 5-year research project with a goal to reduce local alcohol-involved injuries and deaths in three experimental communities with populations of approximately 100,000 each (one in northern California, one in southern California, and one in South Carolina). The communities contained racial and ethnic diversity as well as a mix of urban, suburban, and rural settings. Each of these three communities had a control;community that did not receive the prevention interventions. The project used an environmental policy approach to prevention and five mutually reinforcing components were implemented: (1) community mobilization to develop community organization and support, (2) responsible beverage service to establish standardsfor servers and owners/ managers of on-premise alcohol outlets to reduce their risk of having intoxicated and/or underage customers in bars and restaurants, (3) a drinking and driving component to increase local drunk-driving enforcement efficiency and to increase the actual and perceived risk thatdrinking drivers would be detected, (4) an underage drinking component to reduce retail availability of alcohol to miners, and (5) an alcohol access component to use local zoning powers and other municipal controls of outletnumbers and density to reduce availability of alcohol. Results show that the project reduced alcohol-involved crashes, lowered sales to miners; increased the responsible alcohol serving practices of bars and restaurants, andincreased community support and awareness of alcohol problems. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/09/20 alle ore 21:10:18