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Titolo:
Management of postoperative pain in children
Autore:
Sittl, R; Griessinger, N; Koppert, W; Likar, R;
Indirizzi:
Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Anasthesiol Klin, D-91054 Erlangen, Germany Univ Erlangen Nurnberg Erlangen Germany D-91054 -91054 Erlangen, Germany LKH Klagenfurt, Klagenfurt, Austria LKH Klagenfurt Klagenfurt AustriaLKH Klagenfurt, Klagenfurt, Austria
Titolo Testata:
SCHMERZ
fascicolo: 5, volume: 14, anno: 2000,
pagine: 333 - 339
SICI:
0932-433X(200010)14:5<333:MOPPIC>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Soggetto:
PATIENT-CONTROLLED ANALGESIA; MORPHINE; SURGERY; PHARMACOKINETICS; PARACETAMOL;
Keywords:
postoperative pain therapy; pain; children; adolescents; analgesics;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
25
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Sittl, R Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Anasthesiol Klin, Krankenhausstr 12, D-91054 Erlangen, Germany Univ Erlangen Nurnberg Krankenhausstr 12 Erlangen Germany D-91054
Citazione:
R. Sittl et al., "Management of postoperative pain in children", SCHMERZ, 14(5), 2000, pp. 333-339

Abstract

Treatment of pain. Undertreatment of postoperative pain in children is a problem in clinical practice. This is due to a lack of both knowledge about age-specific aspects of physiology and pharmacology, and routine pain assessment. For example, the fear of side-effects prevents the adequate usage ofopioids. It is of major importance to select a route of drug administration where the child feels comfortable with (avoid intramuscular injections). Non-opioid analgesics. Non-opioid analgesics are recommended for basic pain treatment after minorsurgical procedures. Instead of using the whole multitude of drugs available, the doctor should stick to those drugs he is familiar with (acetaminophen, ibuprofen, diclofenac, dipyrone). Opioids. Opioid usage requires individual dose titration and careful monitoring of side-effects (respiratory monitoring, sedation score). The strong opioids piritramide and morphine may advantageously be administered as either continuous, or patient-controlled iv- infusion (PCA). Forms of therapy. In addition to infiltration anesthesia, intraoperativelyapplied nerve blocks provide excellent pain relief. Epidural analgesia with local anesthetics and/or opioids via a thoracic or lumbar epidural catheter is a therapeutic option after thoracic or abdominal surgery, or after extensive orthopedic or urological interventions. Adjuvant analgesics and nonpharmacologic interventions, i.e. transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS),are primarily indicated in patients suffering from neuropathic pain. Conclusion. The establishment of pain services and the comprehensive education of both the nursing and the medical staff should help to improve postoperative pediatric pain therapy.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 12/08/20 alle ore 19:16:04