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Titolo:
Interferon-alpha and the pathogenesis of myeloproliferative disorders
Autore:
Voutsadakis, IA;
Indirizzi:
Mt Sinai Hosp, Dept Med, Div Hematol, New York, NY 10029 USA Mt Sinai Hosp New York NY USA 10029 , Div Hematol, New York, NY 10029 USA
Titolo Testata:
MEDICAL ONCOLOGY
fascicolo: 4, volume: 17, anno: 2000,
pagine: 249 - 257
SICI:
1357-0560(200011)17:4<249:IATPOM>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CHRONIC MYELOGENOUS LEUKEMIA; NF-KAPPA-B; PROTEIN-KINASE PKR; CHRONIC MYELOID-LEUKEMIA; POLYCYTHEMIA-VERA; SIGNAL-TRANSDUCTION; ADAPTER PROTEIN; ESSENTIAL THROMBOCYTHEMIA; TYROSINE PHOSPHORYLATION; PROTOONCOGENE PRODUCT;
Keywords:
interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha); myeloproliferative; chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML); transcription; PKR (protein kinase dsRNA-activated) kinase;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
80
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Voutsadakis, IA Mt Sinai Hosp, Dept Med, Div Hematol, Box 1079,1 G Levy Pl, New York, NY 10029 USA Mt Sinai Hosp Box 1079,1 G Levy Pl New York NY USA10029 A
Citazione:
I.A. Voutsadakis, "Interferon-alpha and the pathogenesis of myeloproliferative disorders", MED ONCOL, 17(4), 2000, pp. 249-257

Abstract

Interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha), a molecule with multiple biological actions,is widely used in the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and the other myeloproliferative disorders. This glycoprotein belonging to the type I subfamily of interferons has been recombinantly manufactured and hasbeen approved for the biotherapy of CML, now becoming the first line of treatment for CML patients in chronic phase who are not candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell or bone marrow transplantation. Interferon-alpha action involves binding to its cell membrane receptor and initiation of an intracellular signal transduction cascade. Two major pathways mediate the biologic actions of IFN-alpha. The JAK-STAT pathway leads to phosphorylation and activation of STAT 1 and STAT 2 molecules and transcription of genes like p21 and caspase-1 resulting in cycle arrest and apoptosis. The PKR (protein kinase dsRNA-induced) kinase phosphorylates and inhibits the eukaryotic initiator of translation elF-2 alpha leading again to apoptosis. The PKR kinase cascade also leads to activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB. The relevance of this activation is unclear and it is possible that NF-kappaB has not had the opportunity to transcribe its target genes as it is a substrate of effector caspases and is maybe cleaved by them before exerting any transcription activity. Through the JAK-STAT and the PKR kinase pathways IFN-alpha is able to modify the proliferative and antiapoptotic actions of the constitutively activated kinase bcr-abl, the product of the t(9;22) translocation present in CML, and has therapeutic effects in this disease.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/09/20 alle ore 23:08:17