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Titolo:
A Zoletil (R)-Rompun (R) mixture as an alternative to the use of opioids for immobilization of feral red deer
Autore:
Janovsky, M; Tataruch, F; Ambuehl, M; Giacometti, M;
Indirizzi:
Univ Vet Med, Res Inst Wildlife Ecol, A-1160 Vienna, Austria Univ Vet MedVienna Austria A-1160 Wildlife Ecol, A-1160 Vienna, Austria Univ Bern, Inst Math Stat & Actuarial Sci, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland Univ Bern Bern Switzerland CH-3012 uarial Sci, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE DISEASES
fascicolo: 4, volume: 36, anno: 2000,
pagine: 663 - 669
SICI:
0090-3558(200010)36:4<663:AZ((MA>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
YOHIMBINE HYDROCHLORIDE; KETAMINE-XYLAZINE; TELAZOL; FIELD; ELK;
Keywords:
Cervus elaphus hippelaphus; ethorphine; immobilization; red deer; sarmazenile; tiletamine; xylazine; yohimbine; zolazepam;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
32
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Janovsky, M Inst Anim Pathol, Ctr Fish & Wildlife Hlth, Langgassstr 122, CH-3012 Bern,Switzerland Inst Anim Pathol Langgassstr 122 Bern Switzerland CH-3012 and
Citazione:
M. Janovsky et al., "A Zoletil (R)-Rompun (R) mixture as an alternative to the use of opioids for immobilization of feral red deer", J WILDL DIS, 36(4), 2000, pp. 663-669

Abstract

Sixty chemical immobilizations of red deer (Cervus elaphus hippelaphus) have been carried out during an etho-ecological study from August 1994 to December 1996 in a 35 ha pen in the district of Nitra (Slovac Republic). Our objective was to determine the efficacy and standard dosages of Zoletil(R) and Rompun(R) for the immobilization of adult red deer in feral conditions as an alternative to the use of the highly rode opioids. We therefore compared an Immobilon(R)- Rompun(R) combination (ImRo) with a 1:1 mixture of Zoletil(R) and Rompun(R) (ZoRo) as an injectable solution. Use of both combinations led to the immobilization of >92% of deer with an injection volume <3 ml. Mean (SD) dose to achieve immobilization was 35 (14) <mu>g/kg ethorphine + 0.14 (0.056) mg/kg acepromazine + 0.36 (0.14) mg/kg xylazine compared to 1.2 (0.8) mg/kg tiletamine + 1.2 (0.8) mg/kg zolazepam + 2.3 (1.6) mg/kg xylazine. This corresponds to a volume of 1.8 (0.7) ml/100 kg body mass (BM) for ImRo (range = 1.0 to 4.6) and to 2.3 (1.6) ml/100 kg BM for ZoRo (range = 0.7 to 4.0), respectively. Heart rate, respiratory rate and oxyhaemoglobin saturation values did not differ significantly between the two groups during immobilization. Three deer (5%) died during immobilization, but fatalities could not be directly associated with the drug effect. Mean (SD) time from darting to complete immobilization was 5.5 (4.2) min for ImRo and 7.5 (6.1) min for ZoRo, respectively. Differences were not statistically significant. Anesthesia with both combinations of immobilizing agents could be reversed within 2 min using sarmazenile-yohimbine for ZoRo and diprenorphine-yohimbine for ImXy immobilizations, respectively. We conclude that the 1:1 combination of Zoletil(R) and xylazine is a valuable alternative to the use of opioids for the immobilization of adult red deer including feral adult animals.

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Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 15:50:45