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Titolo:
Characteristics of tranquilizer use among Australian Vietnam War veterans
Autore:
Alderman, CP; Gilbert, AL; Condon, JT;
Indirizzi:
Repatriat Gen Hosp, Dept Pharm, Daw Pk, SA 5041, Australia Repatriat Gen Hosp Daw Pk SA Australia 5041 m, Daw Pk, SA 5041, Australia Repatriat Gen Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Daw Pk, SA 5041, Australia Repatriat Gen Hosp Daw Pk SA Australia 5041 t, Daw Pk, SA 5041, Australia Univ S Australia, Pharm Practice Res Grp, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia Univ S Australia Adelaide SA Australia 5001 Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia Flinders Univ S Australia, Bedford Pk, SA 5042, Australia Flinders Univ S Australia Bedford Pk SA Australia 5042 SA 5042, Australia
Titolo Testata:
ANNALS OF PHARMACOTHERAPY
fascicolo: 11, volume: 34, anno: 2000,
pagine: 1243 - 1248
SICI:
1060-0280(200011)34:11<1243:COTUAA>2.0.ZU;2-3
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER; PSYCHOSOCIAL ADJUSTMENT; PHYSICAL-DEPENDENCE; COMBAT VETERANS; SUBSTANCE-ABUSE; ZOPICLONE; HEALTH; PTSD; ALEXITHYMIA; POPULATION;
Keywords:
tranquilizers; Vietnam war; dependence;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
27
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Alderman, CP Repatriat Gen Hosp, Dept Pharm, Daw Pk, SA 5041, Australia Repatriat Gen Hosp Daw Pk SA Australia 5041 5041, Australia
Citazione:
C.P. Alderman et al., "Characteristics of tranquilizer use among Australian Vietnam War veterans", ANN PHARMAC, 34(11), 2000, pp. 1243-1248

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine characteristics of tranquilizer use in a cohort of Australian Vietnam War veterans. DESIGN: Prospective analysis of medication use and assessment of social and clinical variables, including tranquilizer dependence. PATIENTS: Fifty-one Australian Vietnam War veterans were recruited from the department of psychiatry of an Australian teaching hospital. All subjectswere men, with a mean +/- SD age of 52.2 +/- 3.3 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A structured interview was used to obtain details of medical and psychiatric history, medication use; substance use, forensic history, and health service utilization data. Anxiety was assessed using the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (Ham-A). A validated tranquilizer dependence rating scale was administered for each patient. RESULTS: Commonly used tranquilizers included diazepam (n = 19 patients) and zopiclone (26). Most patients (44) reported the use of one or more drugsfor the purpose of nighttime sedation, while exclusive daytime use of tranquilizers for anxiolytic effect was uncommon. The median time spent in the hospital during the preceding year was 21.0 +/- 56.8 days. Symptoms of anxiety were prevalent, with a mean Ham-A score of 35.5 +/- 7.8. Screening criteria suggestive of tranquilizer dependence were met in 34 subjects. Health service utilization was correlated with tranquilizer intake and overall medication use. Tranquilizer dependence was independently associated with cigarette smoking (p = 0.039; odds ratio = 5.13, 95% CI 1.08 to 24.33). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides insight into the nature of tranquilizer use in an Australian population of Vietnam War veterans. The extensive use of these drugs suggests that further research and possibly intervention in this area is needed.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/03/20 alle ore 22:24:15