Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Fat and energy needs of children in developing countries
Autore:
Prentice, AM; Paul, AA;
Indirizzi:
London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, MRC Int Nutr Grp, London WC1B 3DP, England London Sch Hyg & Trop Med London England WC1B 3DP ndon WC1B 3DP, England MRC Human Nutr Res, Cambridge, England MRC Human Nutr Res Cambridge England Human Nutr Res, Cambridge, England
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
fascicolo: 5, volume: 72, anno: 2000, supplemento:, S
pagine: 1253S - 1265S
SICI:
0002-9165(200011)72:5<1253S:FAENOC>2.0.ZU;2-X
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MATURE HUMAN-MILK; BREAST-MILK; ACID COMPOSITION; GAMBIAN INFANTS; DIETARY SUPPLEMENTATION; NUTRITIONAL-STATUS; TERM INFANTS; FOOD-INTAKE; INFECTION; GROWTH;
Keywords:
fat; energy; essential fatty acids; infants; children; breast milk; growth; developing countries;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
92
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Prentice, AM London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, MRC Int Nutr Grp, 49-51 Bedford Sq, London WC1B3DP, England London Sch Hyg & Trop Med 49-51 Bedford Sq London England WC1B 3DP
Citazione:
A.M. Prentice e A.A. Paul, "Fat and energy needs of children in developing countries", AM J CLIN N, 72(5), 2000, pp. 1253S-1265S

Abstract

The fat requirements of children can be judged according to 4 criteria: 1)the possible obligate needs of fat as a metabolic fuel, 2) the provision of a sufficiently energy-dense diet to meet energy needs, 3) the adequate supply of essential fatty acids, and 4) the supply of sufficient fat to allowadequate absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. In these respects the fat requirements of children in developing countries are probably similar to thoseof children in affluent nations except for the additional needs imposed byenvironmental stresses, particularly recurrent infections. In many developing countries, the low energy density of weaning foods appears to be a major contributor to growth faltering and ultimate malnutrition. Evidence from doubly labeled water studies suggests that these diets are adequate when children are healthy but fail to support rapid catch-up growth after diarrheaand other infections. The issues in determining and meeting the fat needs of children in developing countries are illustrated with use of detailed comparative dietary data from a rural community in The Gambia and from Cambridge, United Kingdom. The outstanding feature of the Gambian data is the great importance of breast milk as a source of fat and essential fatty acids up until the end of the second year of life. Weaning foods and adult foods contain low amounts of fat, which causes a sharp transition from adequate fat intakes to probable inadequate fat intakes when children are weaned from the breast. The effects of such low fat intakes, particularly in terms of immune function, require investigation.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 12/07/20 alle ore 06:40:16