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Titolo:
Cellular mechanisms for resolving phase ambiguity in the owl's inferior colliculus
Autore:
Pena, JL; Konishi, M;
Indirizzi:
CALTECH, Div Biol 21676, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA CALTECH Pasadena CA USA 91125 ECH, Div Biol 21676, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA
Titolo Testata:
PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
fascicolo: 22, volume: 97, anno: 2000,
pagine: 11787 - 11792
SICI:
0027-8424(20001024)97:22<11787:CMFRPA>2.0.ZU;2-N
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INTERAURAL TIME DIFFERENCE; COMPLEX BINAURAL STIMULI; MEDIAL SUPERIOR OLIVE; LOW-FREQUENCY CELLS; AUDITORY SPACE; NOISE STIMULI; BRAIN-STEM; BARN OWL; NUCLEUS; REPRESENTATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Pena, JL CALTECH, Div Biol 21676, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA CALTECH PasadenaCA USA 91125 Biol 21676, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA
Citazione:
J.L. Pena e M. Konishi, "Cellular mechanisms for resolving phase ambiguity in the owl's inferior colliculus", P NAS US, 97(22), 2000, pp. 11787-11792

Abstract

Both mammals and birds use the interaural time difference (ITD) for localization of sound in the horizontal plane. They may localize either real or phantom sound sources, when the signal consists of a narrow frequency band. This ambiguity does not occur with broadband signals. A plot of impulse rates or amplitude of excitatory postsynaptic potentials against ITDs (ITD curve) consists of peaks and troughs. In the external nucleus (ICX) of the owl's inferior colliculus, ITD curves show multiple peaks when the signal is narrow-band, such as tones. Of these peaks, one occurs at ITDi, which is independent of frequency, and others at ITDi +/- T, where T is the tonal period. The ITD curve of the same neuron shows a large peak (main peak) at ITDi and no or small peaks (side peaks) at ITD +/- T, when the signal is broadband. ITD curves for postsynaptic potentials indicate that ICX neurons integrate the results of binaural cross-correlation in different frequency bands. However, the difference between the main and side peaks is small. ICX neurons further enhance this difference in the process of converting membrane potentials to impulse rates. Inhibition also appears to augment the difference between the main and side peaks.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 01/12/20 alle ore 13:37:15