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Titolo:
Parent-child bonding and family functioning in depressed children and children at high risk and low risk for future depression
Autore:
Stein, D; Williamson, DE; Birmaher, B; Brent, DA; Kaufman, J; Dahl, RE; Perel, JM; Ryan, ND;
Indirizzi:
Univ Pittsburgh, Sch Med, Western Psychiat Inst & Clin, Dept Psychiat, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Univ Pittsburgh Pittsburgh PA USA 15213 sychiat, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Yale Univ, Dept Psychiat, New Haven, CT 06520 USA Yale Univ New Haven CT USA 06520 , Dept Psychiat, New Haven, CT 06520 USA Tel Aviv Univ, Sackler Sch Med, IL-69978 Tel Aviv, Israel Tel Aviv Univ Tel Aviv Israel IL-69978 ch Med, IL-69978 Tel Aviv, Israel
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 11, volume: 39, anno: 2000,
pagine: 1387 - 1395
SICI:
0890-8567(200011)39:11<1387:PBAFFI>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
AFFECTIVE-DISORDERS; ADOLESCENT SUICIDE; EXPRESSED EMOTION; SCHIZOPHRENIA; ATTACHMENT; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; PERSPECTIVE; INTERVIEW; SCHEDULE; EPISODE;
Keywords:
depression; parental bonding; family functioning;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
40
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Williamson, DE Univ Pittsburgh, Sch Med, Western Psychiat Inst & Clin, Dept Psychiat, Room E-723,3811 OHara St, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Univ Pittsburgh Room E-723,3811 OHara St Pittsburgh PA USA 15213
Citazione:
D. Stein et al., "Parent-child bonding and family functioning in depressed children and children at high risk and low risk for future depression", J AM A CHIL, 39(11), 2000, pp. 1387-1395

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate parent-child bonding and familial functioning in depressed children, children at high risk for depression, and low-risk controls. Method: Diagnoses of children and their relatives were obtained via structured interviews with all available informants. Depressed children (n = 54) received a diagnosis of current major depressive disorder (MDD). The high-risk children (n = 21) had no lifetime diagnoses of mood disorders, but at least one first-degree relative with a lifetime history of depression. The low-risk controls (n = 23) had no lifetime psychiatric disorders and no first-degree relative with a lifetime history of mood disorders. Parent-child bonding was evaluated with the child's report on the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI). Familial functioning was evaluated with each parent answering the Family Assessment Device (FAD). Results: Significant differences werefound between the MDD and low-risk children on most parameters of the PBI and FAD. The children with MDD reported significantly elevated maternal overprotection, and their fathers scored significantly lower on the FAD scalesof Behavioral Control and General Functioning, compared with the high-riskchildren. Mothers of high-risk children had significantly lower scores on the Roles and Affective Involvement dimensions of the FAD compared with mothers of low-risk children. Current maternal depression had a deleterious effect on the child's perception of maternal protection and paternal care, mother's report on all FAD scales, and father's report on most FAD scales, whether interacting with the child's depression or existing even ii the childwas not depressed. Conclusion: Maternal depression and its interaction with the child's depression appear to have negative consequences for parent-child bonding and family functioning.

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Documento generato il 23/01/20 alle ore 03:50:01