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Titolo:
Effective supervision in clinical practice settings: a literature review
Autore:
Kilminster, SM; Jolly, BC;
Indirizzi:
Univ Sheffield, No Gen Hosp, Dept Med Educ, Sheffield S5 7AU, S Yorkshire,England Univ Sheffield Sheffield S Yorkshire England S5 7AU , S Yorkshire,England
Titolo Testata:
MEDICAL EDUCATION
fascicolo: 10, volume: 34, anno: 2000,
pagine: 827 - 840
SICI:
0308-0110(200010)34:10<827:ESICPS>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
AMBULATORY CARE MEDICINE; CRITICAL INCIDENT; PSYCHOTHERAPY SUPERVISOR; EDUCATIONAL SUPERVISORS; PRECEPTORS STRATEGIES; HOUSE OFFICERS; STUDENTS; TEACHERS; TIME; PERSPECTIVE;
Keywords:
clinical clerkship, methods; education, medical, methods; education, medical, graduate, methods; preceptorship, standards, methods; rev academic;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
194
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kilminster, SM Univ Sheffield, No Gen Hosp, Dept Med Educ, Herries Rd, Sheffield S5 7AU, S Yorkshire, England Univ Sheffield Herries Rd Sheffield S Yorkshire England S5 7AU
Citazione:
S.M. Kilminster e B.C. Jolly, "Effective supervision in clinical practice settings: a literature review", MED EDUC, 34(10), 2000, pp. 827-840

Abstract

Context Clinical supervision has a vital role in postgraduate and, to someextent, undergraduate medical education. However it is probably the least investigated, discussed and developed aspect of clinical education. This large-scale, interdisciplinary review of literature addressing supervision isthe first from a medical education perspective. Purpose To review the literature on effective supervision in practice settings in order to identify what is known about effective supervision. Content The empirical basis of the literature is discussed and the literature reviewed to identify understandings and definitions of supervision and its purpose; theoretical models of supervision; availability, structure andcontent of supervision; effective supervision; skills and qualities of effective supervisors; and supervisor training and its effectiveness. Conclusions The evidence only partially answers our original questions andsuggests others. The supervision relationship is probably the single most important factor for the effectiveness of supervision, more important than the supervisory methods used. Feedback is essential and must be dear. It isimportant that the trainee has some control over and input into the supervisory process. Finding sufficient time for supervision can be a problem. Trainee behaviours and attitudes towards supervision require more investigation; some behaviours are detrimental both to patient care and learning. Current supervisory practice in medicine has very little empirical or theoretical basis. This review demonstrates the need for more structured and methodologically sound programmes of research into supervision in practice settings so that detailed models of effective supervision can be developed and thereby inform practice.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/03/20 alle ore 13:49:43