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Titolo:
Inhibitory control in children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Autore:
Konrad, KN; Gauggel, S; Manz, A; Scholl, M;
Indirizzi:
Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Clin Child & Adolescent Psychiat, D-52072 Aachen,Germany Rhein Westfal TH Aachen Aachen Germany D-52072 t, D-52072 Aachen,Germany
Titolo Testata:
BRAIN INJURY
fascicolo: 10, volume: 14, anno: 2000,
pagine: 859 - 875
SICI:
0269-9052(200010)14:10<859:ICICWT>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DEFICIT-HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; CLOSED-HEAD INJURY; CHOICE REACTION-TIME; SUSTAINED ATTENTION; EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS; ADOLESCENTS; PERFORMANCE; BEHAVIOR; TASK; METHYLPHENIDATE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
51
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Konrad, KN Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Clin Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Neuenhofer Weg 21, D-52072 Aachen, Germany Rhein Westfal TH Aachen Neuenhofer Weg 21 Aachen Germany D-52072
Citazione:
K.N. Konrad et al., "Inhibitory control in children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)", BRAIN INJUR, 14(10), 2000, pp. 859-875

Abstract

The behavioural and cognitive sequelae of traumatic brain injury (TBI) have features in common with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), best characterized by deficits in response inhibition. The performance was,therefore, examined of 27 children with TBI, 31 children with developmental ADHD, and 26 matched controls aged 8-12, on two inhibition tasks: the Stop-Signal Task and a Delayed-Response-Task. Children with TBI and children with ADHD showed a pervasive deficit in their inhibitory control processes with respect to inhibition of both pre-potent and on-going responses. In addition, children with TBI were found to suffer from a general slowing of their information processing, which was not correlated with the inhibition deficit. TBI children with and without a secondary ADHD differed only tendentially in their Mean Go-Reaction time in the stop-task. However, subdividing TBI children according to actigraph data into hypo-, hyper- and normokinetic subgroups revealed that the hyperactive TBI children had inhibitory deficit patterns that were similar to children with developmental ADHD. It is concluded that slowing of information processing speed seems to be a general consequence of TBI in childhood, whereas slowing of the stop-processes or inhibitory deficits, specifically, are associated with post-injury hypo- or hyperactivity.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/01/20 alle ore 12:14:03