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Titolo:
Replication past O-6-methylguanine by yeast and human DNA polymerase eta
Autore:
Haracska, L; Prakash, S; Prakash, L;
Indirizzi:
Univ Texas, Med Branch, Sealy Ctr Mol Sci, Galveston, TX 77555 USA Univ Texas Galveston TX USA 77555 ly Ctr Mol Sci, Galveston, TX 77555 USA
Titolo Testata:
MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY
fascicolo: 21, volume: 20, anno: 2000,
pagine: 8001 - 8007
SICI:
0270-7306(200011)20:21<8001:RPOBYA>2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
O6-ETHYLGUANINE CARCINOGENIC LESIONS; BASE-PAIRS; XERODERMA-PIGMENTOSUM; MISMATCH REPAIR; DODECANUCLEOTIDE DUPLEXES; THYMINE DIMER; O6-METHYLGUANINE; MUTAGENESIS; CHEMOTHERAPY; RESISTANCE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
46
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Prakash, L Univ Texas, Med Branch, Sealy Ctr Mol Sci, 6-104 Med Res Bldg,11th & Mech St, Galveston, TX 77555 USA Univ Texas 6-104 Med Res Bldg,11th &Mech St Galveston TX USA 77555
Citazione:
L. Haracska et al., "Replication past O-6-methylguanine by yeast and human DNA polymerase eta", MOL CELL B, 20(21), 2000, pp. 8001-8007

Abstract

O-6-Methylguanine (m6G) is formed by the action of alkylating agents such as N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) on DNA, m6G is a highly mutagenic and carcinogenic lesion, and it presents a block to synthesis by DNA polymerases, Here, we provide genetic and biochemical evidence for the involvement of yeast and human DNA polymerase eta (Pol eta) in the replicative by-pass of m6G lesions in DNA, The formation of MNNG-induced mutations is almost abolished in the rad30 Delta pol32 Delta double mutant of yeast, which lacks the RAD30 gene that encodes Pol eta and the Pol32 subunit of DNA polymerase delta (Pol delta), Although Pol delta can function in the mutagenic bypass of m6G lesions, our biochemical studies indicate that Pol eta is much more efficient in replicating through m6G than Pol delta, Both Poly andPol delta insert a C or a T residue opposite from m6G; Pol delta, however,is more accurate, as it inserts a C about twice as frequently as Pol delta, Alkylating agents are used in the treatment of malignant tumors, including lymphomas, brain tumors, melanomas, and gastrointestinal carcinomas, and the clinical effectiveness of these agents derives at least in part from their ability to form m6G in DNA, Inactivation of Pol eta could afford a useful strategy for enhancing the effectiveness of these agents in cancer chemotherapy.

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Documento generato il 03/04/20 alle ore 04:26:12