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Titolo:
Impact of CO2 doubling on the Asian summer monsoon: Robust versus model-dependent responses
Autore:
Douville, H; Royer, JF; Polcher, J; Cox, P; Gedney, N; Stephenson, DB; Valdes, PJ;
Indirizzi:
Meteo France, Ctr Natl Rech Meteorol, F-31057 Toulouse 1, France Meteo France Toulouse France 1 Rech Meteorol, F-31057 Toulouse 1, France CNRS, Meteorol Dynam Lab, Paris, France CNRS Paris FranceCNRS, Meteorol Dynam Lab, Paris, France Met Off, Hadley Ctr, Bracknell, Berks, England Met Off Bracknell Berks England f, Hadley Ctr, Bracknell, Berks, England
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN
fascicolo: 4, volume: 78, anno: 2000,
pagine: 421 - 439
SICI:
0026-1165(200008)78:4<421:IOCDOT>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SEA-SURFACE TEMPERATURE; FRANCE CLIMATE MODEL; GENERAL-CIRCULATION MODEL; EURASIAN SNOW COVER; LAND-SURFACE; PARAMETERIZATION SCHEME; GREENHOUSE GASES; SULFATE AEROSOLS; INDIAN MONSOON; PRECIPITATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
48
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Douville, H Meteo France, Ctr Natl Rech Meteorol, 42 Ave Coriolis, F-31057Toulouse 1,France Meteo France 42 Ave Coriolis Toulouse France 1 louse 1,France
Citazione:
H. Douville et al., "Impact of CO2 doubling on the Asian summer monsoon: Robust versus model-dependent responses", J METEO JPN, 78(4), 2000, pp. 421-439

Abstract

The possible impact of anthropogenic climate change on the Asian summer monsoon is investigated in several time-slice experiments using prescribed sea-surface temperature (SST) and sea-ice anomalies. The study is carried outwith four different atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs), each being involved in two pairs of experiments differing only by the treatment ofthe land surface hydrology. The objective is to assess the robustness of the simulated climate change, and its possible sensitivity to the land surface scheme. Despite the use of identical SST anomalies, the four GCMs do notpredict similar monsoon responses on the regional scale. All models produce a stronger warming over the Asian continent than over the Indian Ocean, but this warming is not a good predictor of the monsoon response to increased CO2 level. There is a significant spread in the summer precipitation anomalies despite a general weakening of the monsoon circulation, showing that the response of the monsoon rainfall is not solely related to the changes in the large-scale dynamics. In a warmer climate, the monsoon precipitation can increase despite a weakening of the monsoon flow, due to an increase inthe atmospheric water content. For decades to come, the increase in the atmospheric water content could be more important than the increase in the land-sea thermal gradient for understanding the evolution of the monsoon precipitation. Though it does not represent a major source of uncertainty, the treatment of the surface hydrology is liable to affect significantly the regional response of the monsoon to CO2 doubling. A slight change in evapotranspiration is enough to induce a significant change in precipitation. A simple analysis of the regional water budget indicates that this sensitivity is not only related to changes in the horizontal transport of water vapor, but also to changes in the precipitation efficiency, which depends on the treatement of the land surface hydrology.

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Documento generato il 27/11/20 alle ore 04:16:31