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Titolo:
The relationship between sustained attention and cognitive performance in 17-24-month old toddlers
Autore:
Choudhury, N; Gorman, KS;
Indirizzi:
Univ Vermont, Dept Psychol, Burlington, VT 05405 USA Univ Vermont Burlington VT USA 05405 pt Psychol, Burlington, VT 05405 USA
Titolo Testata:
INFANT AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT
fascicolo: 3, volume: 9, anno: 2000,
pagine: 127 - 146
SICI:
1522-7227(200009)9:3<127:TRBSAA>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INFANTS MANIPULATIVE EXPLORATION; RECOGNITION-MEMORY; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES; VISUAL-ATTENTION; PRETERM INFANTS; CHILDREN; DISTRACTIBILITY; INTELLIGENCE; 6-MONTH-OLD; MODEL;
Keywords:
problem solving; sustained attention; toddlers;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
68
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Choudhury, N Rutgers State Univ, Ctr Mol & Behav Neurosci, Infancy StudiesLab, Newark,NJ 07102 USA Rutgers State Univ Newark NJ USA 07102 , Newark,NJ 07102 USA
Citazione:
N. Choudhury e K.S. Gorman, "The relationship between sustained attention and cognitive performance in 17-24-month old toddlers", INFANT CH D, 9(3), 2000, pp. 127-146

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate individual differences in sustained attention and task performance with toddlers. Participants were 61 17-24-month old toddlers. Indices of sustained attention (duration of attention and frequency of off-task glances) were assessed during two 4 min problem solving tasks, and then related to problem solving and the mental scale of the Bayley scales of infant development-II (BSID-II). As expected, toddlers who attended to tasks for longer periods of time were more successful at problem solving, and had higher scores on the BSID-II than toddlers who attended for shorter periods of time. In addition, older toddlers had longerattention spans, more frequent off-task glances, and were more successful at problem solving than younger toddlers. Interestingly, toddlers with morefrequent off-task glances had longer attention spans, were more successfulat problem solving, and had higher BSID-II scores than peers with fewer off-task glances. These findings suggest that although behavioural indices can be used to identify sustained attention, the relationship between behaviours thought to capture distractibility and attention is more complex than had been previously assumed. Results are discussed in the context of currenttheories of infant attention and cognitive performance. Copyright (C) 2000John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Documento generato il 27/01/20 alle ore 01:26:37