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Titolo:
Effect of clays and calcium ions on bitumen extraction from Athabasca oil sands using flotation
Autore:
Kasongo, T; Zhou, Z; Xu, ZH; Masliyah, J;
Indirizzi:
Univ Alberta, Dept Chem & Mat Engn, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G6, Canada Univ Alberta Edmonton AB Canada T6G 2G6 ngn, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G6, Canada
Titolo Testata:
CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
fascicolo: 4, volume: 78, anno: 2000,
pagine: 674 - 681
SICI:
0008-4034(200008)78:4<674:EOCACI>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HOT-WATER PROCESS; NATURAL SURFACTANTS; FINE SOLIDS; MECHANISM; ENERGY;
Keywords:
oil sands; bitumen flotation; oil sands processing; bitumen recovery;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Engineering, Computing & Technology
Citazioni:
27
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Masliyah, J Univ Alberta, Dept Chem & Mat Engn, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G6, Canada Univ Alberta Edmonton AB Canada T6G 2G6 n, AB T6G 2G6, Canada
Citazione:
T. Kasongo et al., "Effect of clays and calcium ions on bitumen extraction from Athabasca oil sands using flotation", CAN J CH EN, 78(4), 2000, pp. 674-681

Abstract

A novel approach, based on the doping of rich estuarine oil sands with calcium and/or clays, was developed to study bitumen extraction. The batch flotation tests showed that the addition of either calcium ions up to 40 p.p.m., or kaolinite, illite and montmorillonite clays at 1 wt% of oil sands processed had marginal effect on bitumen recovery from the estuarine ores. A sharp reduction in bitumen recovery was observed only when calcium ions greater than 30 p.p.m. and 1 wt% montmorillonite clays were added together. While bitumen recovery correlated well with changes in water/air/bitumen contact angle, no correlation was found between bitumen recovery and measured zeta potential of clays or surface tension of the supernatants from the flotation slurry. The wettability of bitumen was identified as a key element in determining bitumen recovery. The aqueous solution analysis for calcium ions showed that most of the added calcium ions disappeared from the solution when montmorillonite clays were present. The addition of illite or kaolinite clays changed the calcium ion concentration in the slurry only marginally. Stronger adsorption of calcium ions on montmorillonite than on either kaolinite or illite is considered to be responsible for the increased bitumen wettability, and hence reduced bitumen recovery.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/11/20 alle ore 07:37:51