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Titolo:
Post-traumatic stress disorder: Hypotheses from clinical neuropsychology and psychopharmacology research
Autore:
Emilien, G; Penasse, C; Charles, G; Martin, D; Lasseaux, L; Waltregny, A;
Indirizzi:
Ctr Neurol Bot, Liege, Belgium Ctr Neurol Bot Liege BelgiumCtr Neurol Bot, Liege, Belgium Univ Catholique Louvain, Pharmacol Lab, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium Univ Catholique Louvain Brussels Belgium B-1200 B-1200 Brussels, Belgium Univ Liege, Dept Neurosurg, Liege, Belgium Univ Liege Liege BelgiumUniv Liege, Dept Neurosurg, Liege, Belgium
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY IN CLINICAL PRACTICE
fascicolo: 1, volume: 4, anno: 2000,
pagine: 3 - 18
SICI:
1365-1501(200003)4:1<3:PSDHFC>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EYE-MOVEMENT DESENSITIZATION; VIETNAM COMBAT VETERANS; POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY; MOTOR-VEHICLE ACCIDENTS; DEXAMETHASONE SUPPRESSION; GLUCOCORTICOID RECEPTORS; PLASMA-CORTISOL; VISUAL-IMAGERY; EVENT SCALE; PTSD;
Keywords:
post-traumatic stress disorder; cognition; memory; depression; PTSD; clinical neuropsychology; anxiety; Emotional Stroop test;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
135
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Emilien, G 127 Rue Henri Prou, F-78340 Les Clayes Bois, France 127 Rue Henri Prou Les Clayes Bois France F-78340 ois, France
Citazione:
G. Emilien et al., "Post-traumatic stress disorder: Hypotheses from clinical neuropsychology and psychopharmacology research", INT J PSYC, 4(1), 2000, pp. 3-18

Abstract

Characteristic features of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) include intrusive memories, avoidance, memory and concentration difficulties, and hyperalertness. Neuropsychological investigations of individuals with PTSD have suggested global nod specific impairments of performance on standardizedtests of memory. The use of the Emotional Stroop test has shown that trauma-related words are a sensitive measure of clinical state in PTSD patients. The Stroop paradigm has also shown that patients with PTSD appear to be characterized by implicit, explicit and autobiographical memory impairment. Available treatments for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder include cognitive-behaviour therapy, psychodynamic therapy and pharmacotherapy. Whereasdr-tig treatment alone can rarely alleviate the suffering in PTSD, it appears to be most useful as an adjunct to psychotherapy. Tricyclic antidepressants ave generally thought to be effective in alleviating symptoms, including nightmares, depression, sleep disorders and startle reactions, but are less able to relieve numbing. On the other hand, selective re-uptake blockers may be effective in decreasing numbing, However, rigorous clinical trialswith double-blind placebo-controlled designs need to be performed to confirm these results. With new scientific discoveries in the understanding of PTSD, a new generation of pharmacological treatment is likely to emerge.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/12/20 alle ore 01:35:05