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Titolo:
The immediate effects of glare and electrochromic glare-reducing mirrors in simulated truck driving
Autore:
Ranney, TA; Simmons, LA; Masalonis, AJ;
Indirizzi:
USDOT, VRTC, Transportat Res Ctr Inc, E Liberty, OH 43319 USA USDOT E Liberty OH USA 43319 sportat Res Ctr Inc, E Liberty, OH 43319 USA Mitre Corp, Mclean, VA USA Mitre Corp Mclean VA USAMitre Corp, Mclean, VA USA
Titolo Testata:
HUMAN FACTORS
fascicolo: 2, volume: 42, anno: 2000,
pagine: 337 - 347
SICI:
0018-7208(200022)42:2<337:TIEOGA>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CONTRAST SENSITIVITY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Engineering, Computing & Technology
Citazioni:
14
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Ranney, TA USDOT, VRTC, Transportat Res Ctr Inc, 10820 SR 347, E Liberty, OH 43319 USA USDOT 10820 SR 347 E Liberty OH USA 43319 Liberty, OH 43319 USA
Citazione:
T.A. Ranney et al., "The immediate effects of glare and electrochromic glare-reducing mirrors in simulated truck driving", HUMAN FACT, 42(2), 2000, pp. 337-347

Abstract

In this experiment 12 experienced truck drivers drove a fixed-base drivingsimulator for three 8-h sessions under simulated nighttime driving conditions. Sessions included (a) no glare, (b) intermittent glare presented in the exterior rearview mirrors to simulate following vehicles, and (c) intermittent glare with electrochromic glare reduction. The driving task combined vehicle control on straight and curved road segments with detection of pedestrians appearing alongside the road and targets appearing in the rearview mirrors. The presence of glare slowed detection of pedestrians and, to a lesser extent, slowed the detection of targets appearing in mirrors. Glare was also associated with increased lane position variability, reduced speed on curves, and, most consistently, increased steering variability. We found only meager evidence that electrochromic glare reduction improved target detection performance and no evidence that glare reduction improved vehicle control, despite the fact that participants consistently voiced positive preferences for glare reduction. The results will aid decision making that requires incorporation of the benefits of electrochromic glare-reducing mirrors.

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Documento generato il 01/10/20 alle ore 07:30:40