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Titolo:
Evaluating the ecological effects of Mediterranean marine protected areas:habitat, scale and the natural variability of ecosystems
Autore:
Charton, JAG; Williams, ID; Ruzafa, AP; Milazzo, M; Chemello, R; Marcos, C; Kitsos, MS; Koukouras, A; Riggio, S;
Indirizzi:
Univ Murcia, Dept Ecol & Hidrol, E-30100 Murcia, Spain Univ Murcia Murcia Spain E-30100 pt Ecol & Hidrol, E-30100 Murcia, Spain Univ Newcastle Upon Tyne, Dept Marine Sci, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 7RU, Tyne & Wear, England Univ Newcastle Upon Tyne Newcastle Upon Tyne Tyne & Wear England NE1 7RU Univ Palermo, Dipartimento Biol Anim, I-90123 Palermo, Italy Univ PalermoPalermo Italy I-90123 nto Biol Anim, I-90123 Palermo, Italy Univ Thessaloniki, Sch Biol, Dept Zool, GR-54006 Salonika, Greece Univ Thessaloniki Salonika Greece GR-54006 ol, GR-54006 Salonika, Greece
Titolo Testata:
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
fascicolo: 2, volume: 27, anno: 2000,
pagine: 159 - 178
SICI:
0376-8929(200006)27:2<159:ETEEOM>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CORAL-REEF FISH; GREAT-BARRIER-REEF; HERBIVOROUS GRAZING FISHES; REUNION FRINGING REEFS; JUVENILE SPARID FISHES; COMMUNITY STRUCTURE; TEMPORAL PATTERNS; STATISTICAL POWER; LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY; RED-SEA;
Keywords:
marine protected areas; Mediterranean; heterogeneity; scale; habitat structure; sampling designs; target species; fishes;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
242
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Charton, JAG Univ Murcia, Dept Ecol & Hidrol, Campus Espinardo, E-30100 Murcia, Spain Univ Murcia Campus Espinardo Murcia Spain E-30100 cia, Spain
Citazione:
J.A.G. Charton et al., "Evaluating the ecological effects of Mediterranean marine protected areas:habitat, scale and the natural variability of ecosystems", ENVIR CONS, 27(2), 2000, pp. 159-178

Abstract

The capability to detect and predict the responses of marine populations and communities to the establishment of marine protected areas (MPAs) depends on the ability to distinguish between the influences of management and natural variability due to the effects of factors other than protection. Thus, it is important to understand and quantify the magnitude and range of this natural variability at each scale of observation. Here we review the scale of responses of target populations and communities to protection within Mediterranean MPAs, against their 'normal' spatio-temporal heterogeneity, and compare those with documented cases from other temperate and tropical marine ecosystems, Additionally, we approach the problem of the relative importance of habitat structure, considered as a set of biological and physical elements of the seascape hierarchically arranged in space at multiple scales, to drive natural variability, We conclude that much more effort has to be made to characterize heterogeneity in relation to Mediterranean MPAs, andto quantify and explain relationships between target species and their habitats as sources of such variability. These studies should be based on sound sampling designs, which (1) generate long-term data sets, and would ideally (2) be based on a Mediterranean-wide comparison of a number of protectedand unprotected localities, (3) be designed from a multi-scaled perspective, and (4) control for factors other than protection, in order to avoid their confounding effects. The need for appropriate spatial and temporal replication, nested designs and power analysis is advocated.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 11/07/20 alle ore 16:50:17