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Titolo:
Electrophysiological evidence for reduced latent inhibition in schizophrenic patients
Autore:
Kathmann, N; von Recum, S; Haag, C; Engel, RR;
Indirizzi:
Univ Munich, Dept Psychiat, D-80336 Munich, Germany Univ Munich Munich Germany D-80336 ept Psychiat, D-80336 Munich, Germany
Titolo Testata:
SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH
fascicolo: 1-2, volume: 45, anno: 2000,
pagine: 103 - 114
SICI:
0920-9964(20000929)45:1-2<103:EEFRLI>2.0.ZU;2-5
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS; HEALTHY CONTROLS; PREEXPOSURE; STIMULI; AMPHETAMINE; ATTENTION; DURATION; DOPAMINE; HUMANS; TASK;
Keywords:
association learning; event-related brain potentials; latent inhibition; reaction time; schizophrenia;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kathmann, N Univ Munich, Dept Psychiat, Nussbaumstr 7, D-80336 Munich, Germany Univ Munich Nussbaumstr 7 Munich Germany D-80336 ich, Germany
Citazione:
N. Kathmann et al., "Electrophysiological evidence for reduced latent inhibition in schizophrenic patients", SCHIZOPHR R, 45(1-2), 2000, pp. 103-114

Abstract

The present study examined latent inhibition (LI) effects in 17 acute and 16 partially remitted schizophrenic patients, and in 20 healthy controls, by measuring manual response latencies and event-related potentials (ERPs) during an association learning task. ERPs were recorded to elucidate the role of attention in the LI effect. Subjects performed a go/no-go task with anauditory conditional stimulus predicting a visual go command. Half of the subjects in each diagnostic group were pre-exposed to the conditional stimulus which had been used as an irrelevant distracter in a preceding discrimination task. Independent of diagnostic group membership, pre-exposed subjects showed slower manual responses to go stimuli than non-pre-exposed subjects, reflecting a robust LI effect. The N100 wave after the conditional stimuli, however, showed a differential pattern: pre-exposure increased N100 amplitudes in acute schizophrenics, whereas pre-exposed control subjects showed a trend for decreased N100. The amplitude of the contingent negative variation (CNV) was unaffected by pre-exposure. The ERP results suggest that acute schizophrenics have a deficit in learned inattention to irrelevant stimuli. However, the intact LI effect in schizophrenics at the motor speed level shows that human LI is a complex phenomenon depending on the tasks and measures used. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 18/01/20 alle ore 13:16:21