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Titolo:
Dating the ancient dam of Ma'rib (Yemen)
Autore:
Francaviglia, VM;
Indirizzi:
CNR Ist Tec Applicate Beni Culturali, Rome, Italy CNR Ist Tec Applicate Beni Culturali Rome Italy Culturali, Rome, Italy
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE
fascicolo: 7, volume: 27, anno: 2000,
pagine: 645 - 653
SICI:
0305-4403(200007)27:7<645:DTADOM>2.0.ZU;2-D
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
Yemen; Sabaeans; Ma'rib Dam; C-14 dating; sediments; irrigation; arid lands; desert farming;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Arts & Humanities
Citazioni:
14
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Francaviglia, VM CNR Ist Tec Applicate Beni Culturali, Rome, Italy CNR IstTec Applicate Beni Culturali Rome Italy Italy
Citazione:
V.M. Francaviglia, "Dating the ancient dam of Ma'rib (Yemen)", J ARCH SCI, 27(7), 2000, pp. 645-653

Abstract

It has been shown that extremely accurate absolute dates can be obtained for the silty sediments from the ancient basin of Ma'rib (Yemen) by means ofAMS assay of the radiocarbon contained in detrital charcoal fragments. Theresults obtained indicate that the silty sediments relating to the final period of activity of the ancient Sabaean dam of Ma'rib are no earlier than the beginning of the Christian era and no later than the end of the 3rd century. This new evidence disagrees with historical sources, which give the collapse of the famous Sabaean dam a much later date. The inexorable siltingup of the water storage basin and the declining importance of the localityas a caravan station are proposed as the main causes of the decline of theentire Ma'rib hydrogeological system. C-14 analysis confirms that the earliest irrigation systems in the Wadi Danah probably date from the late 4th millennium or early 3rd millennium BC.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 10/07/20 alle ore 12:40:38