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Titolo:
Prevalence of and risk factors for dry eye syndrome
Autore:
Moss, SE; Klein, R; Klein, BEK;
Indirizzi:
Univ Wisconsin, Dept Ophthalmol & Visual Sci, Madison, WI 53705 USA Univ Wisconsin Madison WI USA 53705 l & Visual Sci, Madison, WI 53705 USA
Titolo Testata:
ARCHIVES OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
fascicolo: 9, volume: 118, anno: 2000,
pagine: 1264 - 1268
SICI:
0003-9950(200009)118:9<1264:POARFF>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BEAVER-DAM EYE; TEAR FILM LIPIDS; VISUAL-ACUITY; POPULATION; EPIDEMIOLOGY; DISEASE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
22
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Moss, SE Univ Wisconsin, Dept Ophthalmol & Visual Sci, 610 N Walnut St,460WARF, Madison, WI 53705 USA Univ Wisconsin 610 N Walnut St,460 WARF Madison WI USA 53705 USA
Citazione:
S.E. Moss et al., "Prevalence of and risk factors for dry eye syndrome", ARCH OPHTH, 118(9), 2000, pp. 1264-1268

Abstract

Objective: To examine risk factors for the prevalence of dry eye syndrome in a population-based cohort. Methods: The prevalence of dry eye was determined by history at the secondexamination (1993-1995) of the Beaver Dam Eye Study cohort (N = 3722),Results: The cohort was aged 48 to 91 years (mean +/- SD, 65 +/- 10 years)and 43% male. The overall prevalence of dry eye was 14.4%. Prevalence varied from 8.4% in subjects younger than 60 years to 19.0% in those older than80 years (P < .001 for test of trend). Age-adjusted prevalence in men was 11.4% compared with 16.7% in women (P < .001). After controlling for age and sex, the following factors were independently and significantly associated with dry eye in a logistic model: history of arthritis (odds ratio [OR], 1.91; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.56-2.33), smoking status (past, OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 0.97-1.52; current, OR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.36-2.46), caffeine use(OR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.61-0.91), history of thyroid disease (OR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.091.84), history of gout (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.02-1.96), total to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (OR, for 1 unit, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.88-0.99), diabetes (OR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.03-1.86), and multivitamin use (past, OR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.01-1.81; current, OR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.09-1.82). Nonsignificant variables included body mass; blood pressure; white blood cell count; hematocrit; history of osteoporosis, stroke, or cardiovascular disease; history of allergies; use of antihistamines, parasympathetics, antidepressants, diuretics, antiemetics, or other drying drugs; alcohol consumption; time spent outdoors; maculopathy; central cataract; and lens surgery. Conclusion: The results suggest several factors, such as smoking, caffeineuse, and multivitamin use, could be studied for preventive or therapeutic efficacy.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 11/07/20 alle ore 16:27:53