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Titolo:
A survey on the evidential value of fibres and on the interpretation of the findings in fibre transfer cases. Part 1 - fibre frequencies
Autore:
Grieve, MC;
Indirizzi:
Forens Sci Inst, D-65193 Wiesbaden, Germany Forens Sci Inst Wiesbaden Germany D-65193 st, D-65193 Wiesbaden, Germany
Titolo Testata:
SCIENCE & JUSTICE
fascicolo: 3, volume: 40, anno: 2000,
pagine: 189 - 200
SICI:
1355-0306(200007/09)40:3<189:ASOTEV>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
COMPUTERIZED DATA-BASE; MAIL-ORDER GARMENTS; TEXTILE FIBERS; ACRYLIC FIBERS; DATA-BANK; POPULATION;
Keywords:
forensic science; fibres; evidential value; fibre frequencies; databases; Bayes theorem;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
19
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Grieve, MC Forens Sci Inst, Thaerstr 11, D-65193 Wiesbaden, Germany ForensSci Inst Thaerstr 11 Wiesbaden Germany D-65193 Germany
Citazione:
M.C. Grieve, "A survey on the evidential value of fibres and on the interpretation of the findings in fibre transfer cases. Part 1 - fibre frequencies", SCI JUSTICE, 40(3), 2000, pp. 189-200

Abstract

Recently, practitioners of forensic textile fibre examinations have been forced to consider how they can improve the service that they can offer to law enforcement agencies. The focus so far has been largely on assessing which examinations are likely to provide the most worthwhile information to the customer and to prioritise examinations within a case. The use of new analytical equipment may help to completely revise the traditional sequence ofexaminations used in casework, resulting in greater speed and efficiency. The ultimate end product of a case for the forensic scientist is his/her report produced to assist the court in reaching a verdict after considering the evidence. To be effective, scientific evidence must be correctly interpreted and properly presented. If this is not done, increasing the effectiveness of case work in laboratories is largely wasted. Irrespective of whethera Bayesian approach is used, a key factor involved in the interpretation of fibres evidence is that of estimating fibre frequency. A survey was carried out among fibre examiners in laboratories represented in the European Fibres Group and in the fibre section of the Scientific Working Group for Materials in the United States. Part 1 of the results reports on their currentperception of fibre frequencies and factors influencing them. In the lightof the results, the author has tried to identify diversity, evaluate competence and to derive some recommendations.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 18/09/20 alle ore 11:01:31