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Titolo:
Risk factors for suicide attempts among African American women
Autore:
Kaslow, N; Thompson, M; Meadows, L; Chance, S; Puett, R; Hollins, L; Jessee, S; Kellermann, A;
Indirizzi:
Emory Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Grady Hlth Syst, Atlanta, GA 30335 USA Emory Univ Atlanta GA USA 30335 i, Grady Hlth Syst, Atlanta, GA 30335 USA Georgia State Univ, Dept Psychol, Atlanta, GA 30303 USA Georgia State Univ Atlanta GA USA 30303 pt Psychol, Atlanta, GA 30303 USA Med Univ S Carolina, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Charleston, SC 29425 USA Med Univ S Carolina Charleston SC USA 29425 Sci, Charleston, SC 29425 USA Univ Chicago, Dept Psychol, Chicago, IL 60637 USA Univ Chicago Chicago ILUSA 60637 go, Dept Psychol, Chicago, IL 60637 USA Emory Univ, Rollins Sch Publ Hlth, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA Emory Univ Atlanta GA USA 30322 lins Sch Publ Hlth, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA
Titolo Testata:
DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 12, anno: 2000,
pagine: 13 - 20
SICI:
1091-4269(2000)12:1<13:RFFSAA>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL TREATMENT; FUNCTIONAL HEALTH LITERACY; BORDERLINE PATIENTS; DOMESTIC VIOLENCE; SOCIAL SUPPORTS; SCREENING-TEST; PREVALENCE; ABUSE; POPULATION; EMERGENCY;
Keywords:
women; suicide; African American; risk factors;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
52
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kaslow, N Emory Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Grady Hlth Syst,80 ButlerSt SE, Atlanta, GA 30335 USA Emory Univ 80 Butler St SE Atlanta GA USA 30335 ta, GA 30335 USA
Citazione:
N. Kaslow et al., "Risk factors for suicide attempts among African American women", DEPRESS ANX, 12(1), 2000, pp. 13-20

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine psychological and interpersonal risk factors for suicidal behavior in low income, African American women; 285 African American women who reported being in a relationship with a partner inthe past year were studied, 148 presented to the hospital following a suicide attempt, and 137 presented for general medical cave. Cases were compared to controls with respect to psychological symptoms, alcohol and drug abuse, family violence (intimate partner abuse, childhood trauma), relationshipdiscord, and serial support. Psychological risk factors for suicide attempts at the univariate level included psychological distress [Crude Odds Ratio (COR) = 6.5], post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (COR = 3.8),hopelessness (COR = 7.7), and drag abase (COR = 4.2). Interpersonal risk factors at the univariate level included relationship discord (COR = 4.0), physical partner abuse (COR = 2.5), nonphysical partner abuse (COR = 2.8), childhood maltreatment (COR = 3.2), and low levels of social support (COR = 2.6). A multivariate logistic regression model identified four variables that were strongly and independently associated with an increased risk for suicide attempts: psychological distress, hopelessness, drug abuse, and relationship discord. The model predicted suicide attempt status correctly 77% of the time. The results reveal that African American women who report high levels of psychological distress, hopelessness, drag use, and relationship discord should be assessed carefully for suicidal ideation and referred forappropriate mental health care. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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Documento generato il 10/04/20 alle ore 02:41:58