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Titolo:
Leads to cancer control based on cancer patterns in a rural population in South India
Autore:
Rajkumar, R; Sankaranarayanan, R; Esmi, A; Jayaraman, R; Cherian, J; Parkin, DM;
Indirizzi:
Int Agcy Res Canc, Unit Descript Epidemiol, F-69372 Lyon 08, France Int Agcy Res Canc Lyon France 08 ript Epidemiol, F-69372 Lyon 08, France Christian Fellowship Community Hlth Ctr, Ambillikai, Tamil Nadu, India Christian Fellowship Community Hlth Ctr Ambillikai Tamil Nadu India ndia
Titolo Testata:
CANCER CAUSES & CONTROL
fascicolo: 5, volume: 11, anno: 2000,
pagine: 433 - 439
SICI:
0957-5243(200005)11:5<433:LTCCBO>2.0.ZU;2-W
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VISUAL INSPECTION; RISK-FACTORS; KERALA;
Keywords:
cancer control; cancer incidence; cervix cancer; head and neck cancer; India; rural areas;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
17
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Sankaranarayanan, R Int Agcy Res Canc, Unit Descript Epidemiol, 150 Cours Albert Thomas, F-69372 Lyon 08, France Int Agcy Res Canc 150 Cours Albert Thomas Lyon France 08
Citazione:
R. Rajkumar et al., "Leads to cancer control based on cancer patterns in a rural population in South India", CANC CAUSE, 11(5), 2000, pp. 433-439

Abstract

Objective: Cancer patterns and incidence rates for a rural population (359,674) resident in 384 villages spread over 2058 km(2) in Palani and Oddanchathram taluks of Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, in South India, are described in this paper. Methods: A population-based cancer registry was established in 1995 to register incident invasive and in-situ cancers. Cases were found and details abstracted by cancer registry staff visiting 26 data sources, comprising cancer hospitals, tertiary and secondary care hospitals, pathology laboratories and death registration offices. A customized version of CANREG-3 softwarewas used for data entry and analysis. Results: During the period 1996-1998, 783 invasive cancers (310 male and 473 females) were registered, yielding an all-cancer crude incidence rate of56.8/100,000 males and 88.5/100,000 females; the corresponding age standardized incidence rates (ASR) were 83.3 and 122.3 respectively. In males, mouth cancer (ASR 11.5) was the most frequently recorded malignancy followed by tongue (ASR 8.6), hypopharynx (ASR 7.8), esophagus (ASR 7.8) and larynx (ASR 7.8). Thus head and neck cancers accounted for half of the male cases. In females, cervical cancer (ASR 65.4) accounted for more than half of the cancers followed by breast (ASR 14.2) and mouth (ASR 10.2). Ambillikai Cancer Registry (ACR) reports the second highest incidence of cervical cancer in the world. More than four-fifths of cervical cancer cases were diagnosed in stages II B and III B; a third of these cancer patients either did not have, or did not complete, treatment. Conclusions: The observed cancer patterns in this population establish that measures directed at prevention and early detection (linked with treatment) of cervix and head and neck cancers are of paramount importance for cancer control in this and other rural populations of India where three-fourthsof the total population live.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 21/09/20 alle ore 09:33:42