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Titolo:
Dairy foods and bone health: examination of the evidence
Autore:
Weinsier, RL; Krumdieck, CL;
Indirizzi:
Univ Alabama, Dept Nutr Sci, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA Univ Alabama Birmingham AL USA 35294 t Nutr Sci, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
fascicolo: 3, volume: 72, anno: 2000,
pagine: 681 - 689
SICI:
0002-9165(200009)72:3<681:DFABHE>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
URINARY CALCIUM EXCRETION; LIFETIME MILK CONSUMPTION; WEIGHT-BEARING ACTIVITY; EXCESS DIETARY-PROTEIN; ADVERSELY AFFECT BONE; HIP FRACTURE RISK; MINERAL DENSITY; ELDERLY WOMEN; YOUNG-WOMEN; POSTMENOPAUSAL OSTEOPOROSIS;
Keywords:
dairy food; milk; dietary calcium; bone density; bone mass; bone mineral; bone fracture; review;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
99
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Weinsier, RL Univ Alabama, Dept Nutr Sci, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA Univ Alabama Birmingham AL USA 35294 irmingham, AL 35294 USA
Citazione:
R.L. Weinsier e C.L. Krumdieck, "Dairy foods and bone health: examination of the evidence", AM J CLIN N, 72(3), 2000, pp. 681-689

Abstract

It is unclear whether dairy foods promote bone health in all populations and whether all dairy foods are equally beneficial. The objective of this review was to determine whether scientific evidence supports the recommendation that dairy foods be consumed daily for improved bone health in the general US population. Studies were reviewed that examined the relation of dairyfoods to bone health in all age, sex, and race groups. Outcomes were classified according to the strength of the evidence by using a priori guidelines and were categorized as favorable, unfavorable, or not statistically significant. Of 57 outcomes of the effects of dairy foods on bone health, 53% were not significant, 42% were favorable, and 5% were unfavorable. Of 21 stronger-evidence studies, 57% were not significant, 29% were favorable, and 14% were unfavorable. The overall ratio of favorable to unfavorable effects in the stronger studies was 2.0 (4.0 in <30-y-olds, 1.0 in 30-50-y-olds, and 1.0 in >50-y-olds). Males and ethnic minorities were severely underrepresented. Daily foods varied widely in their content of nutrients known to affect calcium excretion and skeletal mass. Foods such as milk and yogurt are likely to be beneficial; others, such as cottage cheese, may adversely affect bone health. Of the few stronger-evidence studies of dairy foods and bone health, most had outcomes that were not significant. However, white women<30 y old are most likely to benefit. There are too few studies in males and minority ethnic groups to determine whether dairy feuds promote bone health in most of the US population.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/12/20 alle ore 20:05:59