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Titolo:
Gentle nudges vs. hard shoves: Solving the sticky norms problem
Autore:
Kahan, DM;
Indirizzi:
Yale Univ, Sch Law, New Haven, CT 06520 USA Yale Univ New Haven CT USA 06520 e Univ, Sch Law, New Haven, CT 06520 USA
Titolo Testata:
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO LAW REVIEW
fascicolo: 3, volume: 67, anno: 2000,
pagine: 607 - 645
SICI:
0041-9494(200022)67:3<607:GNVHSS>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE; CRIMINAL-LAW; LEGAL; DISAPPROVAL; HARASSMENT; SANCTIONS; SHAME; RAPE; SEX;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
--discip_BC--
Citazioni:
100
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kahan, DM Yale Univ, Sch Law, New Haven, CT 06520 USA Yale Univ New HavenCT USA 06520 h Law, New Haven, CT 06520 USA
Citazione:
D.M. Kahan, "Gentle nudges vs. hard shoves: Solving the sticky norms problem", UNIV CHIC L, 67(3), 2000, pp. 607-645

Abstract

The resistance of law enforcers sometimes confounds the efforts of lawmakers to change social norms Thus, as legislators expand liability for date rape, domestic violence, and drunk driving, police become less likely to arrest, prosecutors to charge, jurors to convict, and judges to sentence severely. The conspicuous resistance of these decisionmakers in turn reinforces the norms that lawmakers intended to change. Can this "sticky norms" pathology be effectively treated? It can be, this Article argues, if lawmakers apply "gentle nudges" rather than "hard shoves. " When the law embodies a relatively mild degree of condemnation, the desire of most decisionmakers to discharge their civic duties will override their reluctance to enforce a law that attacks a widespread social norm. The willingness of most decisionmakers to enforce can initiate a self-reinforcing wave of condemnation, thereby allowing lawmakers to increase the severity of the law in the future without prompting resistance from most decisionmakers. The paper presents a formal model of this strategy for norm reform, illustrates it with real world examples, and identifies its normative and prescriptive implications.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/05/20 alle ore 16:16:25