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Titolo:
Occipital condylar fractures: A review
Autore:
Leone, A; Cerase, A; Colosimo, C; Lauro, L; Puca, A; Marano, P;
Indirizzi:
Catholic Univ Sacred Heart, Policlin Agostino Gemelli, Dept Radiol, I-00168 Rome, Italy Catholic Univ Sacred Heart Rome Italy I-00168 adiol, I-00168 Rome, Italy Catholic Univ Sacred Heart, Policlin Agostino Gemelli, Dept Neurosurg, I-00168 Rome, Italy Catholic Univ Sacred Heart Rome Italy I-00168 osurg, I-00168 Rome, Italy
Titolo Testata:
RADIOLOGY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 216, anno: 2000,
pagine: 635 - 644
SICI:
0033-8419(200009)216:3<635:OCFAR>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HYPOGLOSSAL NERVE PALSY; TRANSVERSE ATLANTAL LIGAMENT; COLLET-SICARD SYNDROME; CLOSED-HEAD-INJURY; TRAFFIC FATALITIES; NECK INJURIES; CRANIOVERTEBRAL JUNCTION; FORGOTTEN CONDYLE; JUGULAR FORAMEN; CERVICAL-SPINE;
Keywords:
review; skull, base; skull, fractures; trauma;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
84
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Leone, A Catholic Univ Sacred Heart, Policlin Agostino Gemelli, Dept Radiol, Largo Agostino Gemelli 8, I-00168 Rome, Italy Catholic Univ Sacred HeartLargo Agostino Gemelli 8 Rome Italy I-00168
Citazione:
A. Leone et al., "Occipital condylar fractures: A review", RADIOLOGY, 216(3), 2000, pp. 635-644

Abstract

The purpose of this review article is to summarize the epidemiology, pertinent anatomy, mechanisms of injury, and classification systems of occipitalcondylar fractures (OCFs), as well as their clinical presentation and screening, the importance of computed tomography (CT) for detection, and current treatment options. The authors emphasize the rate of occurrence of OCFs, which may be detected in as many as 16% of patients with craniocervical injury. Clinical presentation is not specific, and OCF is not readily diagnosed at physical examination. Failure to diagnose may result in substantial morbidity, and thus accurate diagnosis is mandatory for both therapeutic and medicolegal implications. The diagnosis is most likely to be made with CT. Thin-section CT technique is the method of choice to evaluate the traumatized craniocervical junction. OCFs should be suspected in all patients sustaining high-energy blunt trauma to the head and/or upper cervical spine, resulting from axial loading, lateral bending and/or rotation, and/or direct blow. Besides a CT study assessing potential intracranial injuries, these patients require CT of the craniocervical junction. Radiologists should be aware of the types of OCFs and associated injuries.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/11/20 alle ore 00:41:51