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Titolo:
Seasonal evolution of the quality of fresh glasshouse tomatoes under Mediterranean conditions, as affected by air vapour pressure deficit and plant fruit load
Autore:
Bertin, N; Guichard, S; Leonardi, C; Longuenesse, JJ; Langlois, D; Navez, B;
Indirizzi:
INRA, Unite Bioclimatol, F-84914 Avignon 9, France INRA Avignon France 9INRA, Unite Bioclimatol, F-84914 Avignon 9, France Univ Catania, Ist Orticoltura & Floricoltura, I-95123 Catania, Italy Univ Catania Catania Italy I-95123 Floricoltura, I-95123 Catania, Italy INRA, Lab Aromes, F-21034 Dijon, France INRA Dijon France F-21034INRA, Lab Aromes, F-21034 Dijon, France CTIFL, F-13210 St Remy Provence, France CTIFL St Remy Provence France F-13210 , F-13210 St Remy Provence, France
Titolo Testata:
ANNALS OF BOTANY
fascicolo: 6, volume: 85, anno: 2000,
pagine: 741 - 750
SICI:
0305-7364(200006)85:6<741:SEOTQO>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
LYCOPERSICON-ESCULENTUM MILL; DRY-MATTER; CUTICLE CRACKING; NUTRIENT FILM; GROWTH; SALINITY; HUMIDITY; YIELD; WATER; ACCUMULATION;
Keywords:
Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.; tomato; water and carbon stress; yield; quality; dry matter; sugar; acid; BER; volatile composition;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
36
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Bertin, N INRA, Unite Bioclimatol, Site Agroparc, F-84914 Avignon 9, France INRA Site Agroparc Avignon France 9 , F-84914 Avignon 9, France
Citazione:
N. Bertin et al., "Seasonal evolution of the quality of fresh glasshouse tomatoes under Mediterranean conditions, as affected by air vapour pressure deficit and plant fruit load", ANN BOTANY, 85(6), 2000, pp. 741-750

Abstract

Changes in yield and quality of fresh tomatoes in response to air vapour pressure deficit (VPD) and plant fruit load were studied under Mediterraneansummer conditions. Plants thinned to three or six fruits per truss were grown in two compartments, one at a VPD below 1.5 kPa, the other without VPD control. The seasonal trend in fruit yield and quality was assessed from April to September by weekly measurement of number. fresh weight and dry matter content of harvested fruits, together with the occurrence of blossom-end-rot (BER) and cracking. On two occasions, in July and September, sugar andacid content was measured at three ripening stages. The seasonal decrease in fresh yield was attenuated at low VPD? because of higher individual fruit fresh weight, especially at low fruit load. Low VPD decreased occurrence of BER but like low fruit load, it increased fruit cracking. Fruit dry matter content was lower at low VPD. but was unaffected by fruit load. Sugar content and the ratio of sugars:acids was increased at high VPD and low fruitload, with interactive effects depending on season and ripening stage. Theinfluence of VPD on acid content differed with fruit load and also changedduring ripening and between seasons. Results showed that water was the main limiting factor for growth of fruits picked in July; at this time, reducing fruit load to promote mean fruit size had negative effects on BER and cracking. Reducing VPD reduced BER but had a negative effect on cracking and diluted both the dry matter and sugar content. For fruits harvested later in summer, these negative effects were attenuated because fruit growth was also carbon limited. (C) 2000 Annals of Botany Company.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/06/20 alle ore 01:37:34