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Titolo:
Spontaneous synaptogenesis in ex vivo sympathetic ganglion and the blockade by serum treatment
Autore:
Kawai, Y; Senba, E;
Indirizzi:
Wakayama Med Coll, Dept Anat & Neurobiol, Wakayama 6418509, Japan WakayamaMed Coll Wakayama Japan 6418509 robiol, Wakayama 6418509, Japan
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE NEUROLOGY
fascicolo: 4, volume: 424, anno: 2000,
pagine: 670 - 678
SICI:
0021-9967(20000904)424:4<670:SSIEVS>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SUPERIOR CERVICAL-GANGLION; LONG-TERM POTENTIATION; LEUKEMIA INHIBITORY FACTOR; ADULT-RAT; NEURONS; SYNAPSES; HIPPOCAMPUS; RECEPTORS; DECENTRALIZATION; REINNERVATION;
Keywords:
superior cervical ganglion; plasticity; adrenoceptor; dendrodendritic synapse; adrenergic synapse; yohimbine;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
57
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kawai, Y Wakayama Med Coll, Dept Anat & Neurobiol, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama 6418509, Japan Wakayama Med Coll 811-1 Kimiidera Wakayama Japan 6418509, Japan
Citazione:
Y. Kawai e E. Senba, "Spontaneous synaptogenesis in ex vivo sympathetic ganglion and the blockade by serum treatment", J COMP NEUR, 424(4), 2000, pp. 670-678

Abstract

Central denervation for more than 1 month has been shown to cause an increase in the number of adrenergic synapses in sympathetic ganglia in vivo. Here, we report several lines of evidence that adrenergic synapses may be generated de novo in ex vivo superior cervical ganglion (SCG) of adult rats only several hours after the isolation. Structures immunoreactive for synaptophysin, a marker of presynaptic elements, were drastically decreased 6 daysafter the preganglionic denervation. A significant increase in number of synaptophysin positive boutons was observed over 3-8 hours in the denervatedSCGs maintained ex vivo at 36 degrees C in oxygenated physiologic saline, and this increase was blocked by adding normal serum in the saline. Electron microscopic analysis confirmed that the number of adrenergic synapses specifically labeled with 5-hydroxydopamine was increased by several-fold under the same condition. Intracellular labeling of SCG neurons revealed an increase in the incidence (from 8 to 50%) of neurons having dendritic plexus after the in vitro incubation. No evidence of axonal sprouting within the ganglion was observed. Intracellular recordings from single neurons of denervated SCGs revealed that maximum amplitudes of inhibitory postsynaptic potentials, which were completely blocked by yohimbine, an alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist, in response to focal stimulation were increased over the several hours. These results suggest that dendrites of SCG neurons rapidly develop and exhibit local efferent characteristics that underlie the inhibitory synaptic transmission once they are subjected to serum deprivation. (C) 2000Wiley-Liss, Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/01/20 alle ore 04:17:59