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Titolo:
Evaluation of zuclopenthixol acetate to decrease handling stress in wapiti
Autore:
Read, M; Caulkett, N; McCallister, M;
Indirizzi:
Western Coll Vet Med, Dept Vet Anesthesiol Radiol & Surg, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5B4, Canada Western Coll Vet Med Saskatoon SK Canada S7N 5B4 toon, SK S7N 5B4, Canada Manitoba Dept Agr, Vet Serv Branch, Winnipeg, MB R3T 5S6, Canada Manitoba Dept Agr Winnipeg MB Canada R3T 5S6 Winnipeg, MB R3T 5S6, Canada
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE DISEASES
fascicolo: 3, volume: 36, anno: 2000,
pagine: 450 - 459
SICI:
0090-3558(200007)36:3<450:EOZATD>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DEER CERVUS-ELAPHUS; WHITE-TAILED DEER; FARMED RED DEER; LONG-ACTING NEUROLEPTICS; PHYSICAL RESTRAINT; MANAGEMENT-PRACTICES; BLOOD-CONSTITUENTS; CHEMICAL IMMOBILIZATION; HEMATOLOGICAL VALUES; CAPTURE;
Keywords:
blood gas analysis; blood lactate; capture myopathy; Cervus elaphus; elk; stress; wapiti; zuclopenthixol acetate;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
27
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Read, M Western Coll Vet Med, Dept Vet Anesthesiol Radiol & Surg, 52 Campus Dr, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5B4, Canada Western Coll Vet Med 52 Campus Dr Saskatoon SK Canada S7N 5B4 nada
Citazione:
M. Read et al., "Evaluation of zuclopenthixol acetate to decrease handling stress in wapiti", J WILDL DIS, 36(3), 2000, pp. 450-459

Abstract

Handling stress and capture myopathy are important consequences of intensively managing wildlife species. Over the last 15 yr, the use of long-actingneuroleptic (LAN) drugs in wildlife has increased, and these drugs have become a valuable tool for decreasing capture and handling stress in many species. At this time, reports on the use of these drugs in North American species are limited. The major objective of this study was to evaluate the useof the LAN, zuclopenthixol acetate (Clopixol-Acuphase(R)), to decrease both quantifiable and subjective measurements of stress and activity in wild wapiti (Cervus elaphus, North American elk). This blinded, randomized study took place in February 1999 in Manitoba (Canada) and involved 11 animals receiving the drug and 12 animals acting as controls. At 24 hr after drug administration, there were measurable and significant decreases in the stress and activity of treated animals versus controls during handling. Treated animals had significantly lower mean body temperatures (39.0 versus 40.6 C), less hemoconcentration (mean packed cell volume 0.42 versus 0.49, mean hemoglobin 159.09 versus 181.75 g/L, mean total protein 65.0 versus 70.25 g/L),lower mean serum cortisol (97.91 versus 139.50 mmol/L), lower mean blood lactate (3.39 versus 5.98 mmol/L), and were less metabolically acidotic (mean pH(v) 7.45 versus 7.34, mean bicarbonate 29.36 versus 24.25 mmol/L, mean base excess 5.64 versus -0.83 mmol/L). Only control animals had evidence ofmuscle damage based on serum biochemistry (creatine phosphate values of two animals of 42,080 and 25,887 U/L). No animals developed clinical capture myopathy and no animals died. Measurable effects of this drug were still apparent at 72 hr post-administration. The results of this study support the use of Clopixol-Acuphase(R) in wapiti as a means to decrease handling stress and activity.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/06/20 alle ore 07:44:54