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Titolo:
The relationship of shame, social anxiety and depression: The role of the evaluation of social rank
Autore:
Gilbert, P;
Indirizzi:
Kingsway Hosp, Mental Hlth Res Unit, Derby DE22 3LZ, England Kingsway Hosp Derby England DE22 3LZ h Res Unit, Derby DE22 3LZ, England
Titolo Testata:
CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY & PSYCHOTHERAPY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 7, anno: 2000,
pagine: 174 - 189
SICI:
1063-3995(200007)7:3<174:TROSSA>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
WILD BABOONS; SELF-ESTEEM; PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES; SUBMISSIVE BEHAVIOR; GUILT; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; SCALE; PERSONALITY; HUMILIATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
89
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Gilbert, P Kingsway Hosp, Mental Hlth Res Unit, Derby DE22 3LZ, England Kingsway Hosp Derby England DE22 3LZ Derby DE22 3LZ, England
Citazione:
P. Gilbert, "The relationship of shame, social anxiety and depression: The role of the evaluation of social rank", CLIN PSY PS, 7(3), 2000, pp. 174-189

Abstract

This study explores the associations between shame, depression and social anxiety from the perspective of social rank theory (Price and Sloman, 1987;Gilbert, 1989, 1992). Social rank theory argues that emotions and moods are significantly influenced by the perceptions of one's social status/rank; that is the degree to which one feels inferior to others and looked down on. A common outcome of such perceptions is submissive behaviour. It is suggested that shame, social anxiety and depression are all related to defensivesubmissive strategies when individuals find themselves placed in unwanted low status/rank positions. In this study 109 students and 50 depressed patients filled in a battery of self-report questionnaires designed to measure varied aspects of shame, guilt, pride, social anxiety, depression, and social rank (inferiority self-perceptions and submissive behaviour). Results confirm that shame, social anxiety and depression (but not guilt) are highly related to feeling inferior and to submissive behaviour. It is suggested therefore that an understanding of the defensive behaviours of animals and humans who are located in unwanted subordinate positions may throw light on the underlying psychobiological mechanisms of these varied pathologies. Copyright (C) 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Documento generato il 11/07/20 alle ore 17:43:38