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Titolo:
WAYS OF GOING ON - AN ANALYSIS OF SKILL APPLIED TO MEDICAL-PRACTICE
Autore:
COLLINS HM; DEVRIES GH; BIJKER WE;
Indirizzi:
UNIV SOUTHAMPTON,CTR STUDY KNOWLEDGE EXPERTISE & SCI SOUTHAMPTON SO171BJ HANTS ENGLAND UNIV LIMBURG NL-6200 MD MAASTRICHT NETHERLANDS MAASTRICHT UNIV,FAC ARTS & CULTURE MAASTRICHT NETHERLANDS
Titolo Testata:
Science, technology, & human values
fascicolo: 3, volume: 22, anno: 1997,
pagine: 267 - 285
SICI:
0162-2439(1997)22:3<267:WOGO-A>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
18
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
H.M. Collins et al., "WAYS OF GOING ON - AN ANALYSIS OF SKILL APPLIED TO MEDICAL-PRACTICE", Science, technology, & human values, 22(3), 1997, pp. 267-285

Abstract

Humans do two types of actions, polimorphic actions and mimeomorphic actions. The ability to carry out polimorphic actions cannot be mastered outside of socialization. Mimeomorphic actions, however can be learned in other ways; sometimes, they can be learned away from the context of practice. Polimorphic actions cannot be mimicked by machines, butsome mimeomorphic actions can. Other mimeomorphic actions are too complex to mechanize. Actions that cannot be mechanized because they are physically complicated should not be confused with actions that cannotbe mechanized because socialization is needed to master them. The analysis has implications for recent debates concerning the differences and similarities between humans and machines. The implication of the analysis is that much more can be understood about the relationship between humans and machines if the difference is treated as being a consequence of the unique properties of human societies. In this article, the analysis is applied to cardiac catheterization, pacemaker implantation, simulation of bodies, and work in a medical ''SkillsLab.''

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/07/20 alle ore 01:43:42