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Titolo:
Personality and substance use disorders as predictors of criminality
Autore:
Hernandez-Avila, CA; Burleson, JA; Poling, J; Tennen, H; Rounsaville, BJ; Kranzler, HR;
Indirizzi:
Univ Connecticut, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Alcohol Res Ctr, Farmington, CT 06030 USA Univ Connecticut Farmington CT USA 06030 es Ctr, Farmington, CT 06030 USA APT Fdn, New Haven, CT USA APT Fdn New Haven CT USAAPT Fdn, New Haven, CT USA Yale Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, New Haven, CT USA Yale Univ New Haven CT USA iv, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, New Haven, CT USA
Titolo Testata:
COMPREHENSIVE PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 4, volume: 41, anno: 2000,
pagine: 276 - 283
SICI:
0010-440X(200007/08)41:4<276:PASUDA>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
STRUCTURED CLINICAL INTERVIEW; MENTAL-DISORDERS; INTELLECTUAL DEFICIENCY; BIRTH COHORT; CRIME; VIOLENCE; BEHAVIOR; FINLAND;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
29
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Hernandez-Avila, CA Univ Connecticut, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Alcohol Res Ctr, Farmington, CT 06030 USA Univ Connecticut Farmington CT USA 06030 CT 06030 USA
Citazione:
C.A. Hernandez-Avila et al., "Personality and substance use disorders as predictors of criminality", COMP PSYCHI, 41(4), 2000, pp. 276-283

Abstract

The study objective was to evaluate the relationship between a personalitydisorder (PD) diagnosis and criminal behavior among drug- and alcohol-dependent patients both retrospectively and prospectively. We examined 1-year pretreatment and 1-year posttreatment crime rates among 370 drug- and/or alcohol-dependent patients. Hierarchical logistic regression was used to examine the predictive value of DSM-III-R PD diagnoses after controlling for demographic features and type and severity of substance dependence. Patients with a diagnosis of antisocial PD (ASPD) were more likely to report having committed a variety of crimes, including violent crimes, during the pretreatment period. Individuals with more PD diagnoses or a diagnosis of borderline PD (BPD) or schizoid PD also reported a greater number of pretreatment violent crimes. In addition, the number of PD diagnoses was correlated with the number of crimes against property. During the pretreatment period, significant interactions were also found between PD measures and substance use in relation to both property crimes and violation of parole or probation. During the posttreatment period, a diagnosis of BPD predicted the commission of violent crimes. In contrast, a cluster A PD predicted a lower frequency of crimes against property. ASPD did not predict criminality during the 1-year follow-up period. In conclusion, a PD diagnosis, particularly ASPD, wasassociated with a variety of criminal behaviors during the 1-year period preceding substance abuse treatment. Following treatment, PD diagnosis had limited value in the prediction of criminal behavior. Possible explanations for these findings are discussed. Copyright (C) 2000 by W.B. Saunders Company.

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Documento generato il 09/08/20 alle ore 23:32:56