Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Cation-mediated interaction of dextran sulfate with phospholipid vesicles:binding, vesicle surface polarity, leakage and fusion
Autore:
Zschornig, O; Richter, W; Paasche, G; Arnold, K;
Indirizzi:
Univ Leipzig, Inst Med Phys & Biophys, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany Univ Leipzig Leipzig Germany D-04103 & Biophys, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany Univ Jena, Inst Ultrastruct Res, D-07743 Jena, Germany Univ Jena Jena Germany D-07743 st Ultrastruct Res, D-07743 Jena, Germany
Titolo Testata:
COLLOID AND POLYMER SCIENCE
fascicolo: 7, volume: 278, anno: 2000,
pagine: 637 - 646
SICI:
0303-402X(200007)278:7<637:CIODSW>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HUMAN ERYTHROCYTE-GHOSTS; LIPID BILAYER-MEMBRANES; DIVALENT-CATIONS; PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE BILAYERS; MAGNETIC-RESONANCE; PHASE-BEHAVIOR; SENDAI VIRUS; LIPOSOMES; AGGREGATION; DIPALMITOYLPHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE;
Keywords:
dextran sulfate; liposomes; dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine; Ca2+; fusion;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
34
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Zschornig, O Univ Leipzig, Inst Med Phys & Biophys, Liebigstr 27, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany Univ Leipzig Liebigstr 27 Leipzig Germany D-04103 g, Germany
Citazione:
O. Zschornig et al., "Cation-mediated interaction of dextran sulfate with phospholipid vesicles:binding, vesicle surface polarity, leakage and fusion", COLLOID P S, 278(7), 2000, pp. 637-646

Abstract

The interaction of dextran sulfate (DS) with dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) large unilamellar vesicles was investigated. DS of different molecular weights (1, 8, 40 and 500 kDa) and divalent cations (Ca2+, Mg2+ and Mn2+) and the trivalent cation La3+ were used in the experiments. Binding of DS was studied by use of the microelectrophoresis and monolayer technique. Binding depends strongly on cation and NaCl concentrations in the medium and does not occur in the absence of multivalent cations. Binding is modulated by the molecular weight of the polymers; DS with lower molecular weights lead to less negative zeta potentials at identical concentrations. A comparable monomer of DS, glucose-6-sulfate, does not change the zeta potential of DMPC vesicles. Monolayer experiments revealed a decrease in surface pressure after addition of multivalent cations and DS, indicating a stronger interaction of the cation-polymer complex with the phosphatidylcholine headgroups than its penetration into the phospholipid (PL) bilayer. The cation-mediated binding of DS to the vesicles leads to aggregation of the vesicles. The tendency to promote aggregation of DMPC vesicles is La3+ > Ca2+ > Mn2+ greater than or equal to Mg-2+. The aggregated vesicles show a stacklike arrangement of the bilayers as shown by freeze-fracture electron microscopy. The strong aggregation is accompanied by lipid mixing measured by the 1,4-nitrobenzo-2oxa-1,3-diazole-phosphatidylethanolamine (PE)/lissamine rhodamineB sulfonyl-PE assay. At low ionic strength substantial lipid mixing can beobserved in the previously mentioned order of the cations. This lipid mixing is accompanied by an increase in the permeability of the vesicles as revealed by the 1w-aminonaphthalene-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid/p-xylenebis (pyridiium bromide) assay. The extent of leakage is determined by the cation used and the DS molecular weight. These interaction processes between the opposing bilayers are connected with a decrease in the water content in the gap between the opposing PL bilayers. As a measure for the change of the polar properties of the vesicle surface the shift of the emission wavelength of the fluorescent probe dansylphosphatidylethanolamine was measured. The effectiveness of divalent/trivalent cations to decrease the surface dielectric constant of DMPC vesicles also followed the sequence of ions as found for binding, PL mixing and leakage. The results are discussed in terms of the changed hydration at the bilayer surface induced by DS in the presence of multivalent ions.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 15/01/21 alle ore 22:18:17