Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
THE INFLUENCE OF LIGHT-DARK ADAPTATION AND LATERAL INHIBITION ON PHOTOTAXIC FORAGING - A HYPOTHETICAL ANIMAL STUDY
Autore:
BERTIN RJV; VANDEGRIND WA;
Indirizzi:
UNIV UTRECHT,DEPT COMPARAT PHYSIOL,NEUROETHOL GRP,PADUALAAN 8 NL-3584CH UTRECHT NETHERLANDS
Titolo Testata:
Adaptive behavior
fascicolo: 2, volume: 5, anno: 1996,
pagine: 141 - 167
SICI:
1059-7123(1996)5:2<141:TIOLAA>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MOTION;
Keywords:
DARK-LIGHT ADAPTATION; LATERAL INHIBITION; HYPOTHETICAL ANIMAL; PHOTOTAXIC NAVIGATION; WEBER ADAPTATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
29
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R.J.V. Bertin e W.A. Vandegrind, "THE INFLUENCE OF LIGHT-DARK ADAPTATION AND LATERAL INHIBITION ON PHOTOTAXIC FORAGING - A HYPOTHETICAL ANIMAL STUDY", Adaptive behavior, 5(2), 1996, pp. 141-167

Abstract

Vision did not arise and evolve merely so that individuals might ''see'' things but rather so that they might act on and interact with their habitat. Thus it might be misleading to study vision without lookingalso at its natural coupling to vital action. Here we investigate this problem in a simulation study of the simplest kind of visually guided foraging by a species of two-dimensional hypothetical animal called the (diurnal) paddler. in a previous study, we developed a hypothetical animal called the archaepaddler, which used positive phototaxis to forage for autoluminescent prey in a totally dark environment (the deepsea). Here we discuss possible visual mechanisms that allow (diurnal)paddlers to live in shallower water, foraging for light-reflecting prey in ambient light. The modification consists of two stages. in the first stage, Weber adaptation compresses the retinal illumination into an acceptable range of neural firing frequencies. In the second stage,high-pass filtering with lateral inhibition separates background responses from foreground responses. We report on a number of parameter studies conducted with the foraging diurnal paddler, in which the influence of dark-light adaptation and lateral inhibition on foreground-background segregation and foraging performance (''fitness'') are quantified. If is shown that the paddler can survive adequately for a substantial range of parameters that compromises between discarding as much unwanted visual (background) information as possible and retaining as much information on potential prey as possible. Parameter values that optimize purely visual performance, such as foreground-background segregation, are not always optimal for foraging performance, and vice versa. This article shows that studies of vision might indeed require more serious consideration of the goals of vision and the ethogram of the studied organisms than has been customary.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/12/20 alle ore 11:16:05