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Titolo:
SWIMMING TRAINING LOWERS THE RESTING BLOOD-PRESSURE IN INDIVIDUALS WITH HYPERTENSION
Autore:
TANAKA H; BASSETT DR; HOWLEY ET; THOMPSON DL; ASHRAF M; RAWSON FL;
Indirizzi:
UNIV COLORADO,DEPT KINESIOL,CAMPUS BOX 354 BOULDER CO 80309 UNIV TENNESSEE,DEPT EXERCISE SCI KNOXVILLE TN 37996 UNIV TENNESSEE,MED CTR KNOXVILLE TN 37996
Titolo Testata:
Journal of hypertension
fascicolo: 6, volume: 15, anno: 1997,
pagine: 651 - 657
SICI:
0263-6352(1997)15:6<651:STLTRB>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FOREARM RESISTANCE VESSELS; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY; AEROBIC EXERCISE; RESPONSES; SPECIFICITY; CAPACITY; VOLUME;
Keywords:
SWIMMING; AQUATIC EXERCISE TRAINING; ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION; BLOOD VOLUME; VASCULAR RESISTANCE; CATECHOLAMINE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
H. Tanaka et al., "SWIMMING TRAINING LOWERS THE RESTING BLOOD-PRESSURE IN INDIVIDUALS WITH HYPERTENSION", Journal of hypertension, 15(6), 1997, pp. 651-657

Abstract

Background Despite the fact that swimming is often recommended for the prevention and treatment of hypertension, no study has examined the potential efficacy of regular swimming exercise for lowering the bloodpressure in hypertensive humans. Objective To test the hypothesis that regular swimming exercise lowers the resting blood pressure. Design A 10-week closely supervised swimming training program compared with anon-exercising control group. Patients Eighteen previously sedentary men and women [aged 48 +/- 2 years (mean +/- SEM)] with stage 1 or 2 essential hypertension. Results The resting heart rate, an index of cardiovascular adaptation, decreased in the swimming training group from 81 +/- 4 to 71 +/- 3 beats/min (P < 0.01). The body mass and body fat percentage did not show statistically significant changes, The systolic blood pressure of patients in the seated position fell significantly(P < 0.05) from 150 +/- 5 to 144 +/- 4 mmHg. The seated diastolic blood pressure did not change significantly. A similar magnitude of reductions in systolic blood pressure (P < 0.05) was also found in patientsin the supine position, No significant changes in plasma catecholamine concentrations, casual forearm vascular resistance, plasma volume and blood volume were observed, There were no significant changes in anyof these variables in the control group, Conclusion Swimming trainingelicits significant reductions in arterial blood pressure at rest in individuals with hypertension. This is a clinically important finding since swimming can be a highly useful alternative to land-based exercises for hypertensive patients with obesity, exercise-induced asthma, or orthopedic injuries.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 07/04/20 alle ore 23:19:57