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Titolo:
Further evidence that deltamethrin-impregnated collars protect domestic dogs from sandfly bites
Autore:
Halbig, P; Hodjati, MH; Mazloumi-Gavgani, AS; Mohite, H; Davies, CR;
Indirizzi:
Univ London London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Infect & Trop Dis, London WC1E7HT, England Univ London London Sch Hyg & Trop Med London England WC1E 7HT T, England Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Fac Med, Dept Immunol & Parasitol, Tabriz, Iran Tabriz Univ Med Sci Tabriz Iran Dept Immunol & Parasitol, Tabriz, Iran
Titolo Testata:
MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ENTOMOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 14, anno: 2000,
pagine: 223 - 226
SICI:
0269-283X(200006)14:2<223:FETDCP>2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS; IRAN;
Keywords:
Phlebotomus papatasi; deltamethrin; dog collars; leishmaniasis vectors; repellency; sandfly control; zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL); Iran;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
13
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Davies, CR Univ London London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Infect & Trop Dis, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, England Univ London London Sch Hyg & Trop Med Keppel St London England WC1E 7HT
Citazione:
P. Halbig et al., "Further evidence that deltamethrin-impregnated collars protect domestic dogs from sandfly bites", MED VET ENT, 14(2), 2000, pp. 223-226

Abstract

In many foci of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL), domestic dogs are important reservoir hosts of the causative Leishmania parasites transmitted by phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae). We tested the protective value of impregnated dog collars (20 g plastic containing deltamethrin 800 mg ai) against Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) sandflies in Iran. For each assay, the dog was sedated and caged in a net with 70-100 wild-caught sandflies overnight (23.30-06.30 hours). Dogs wearing the collars were bitten by similar to 80% fewer sandflies than before collars were fitted, i.e. 51% vs. 11% of hungry female flies exposed. Sandfly mortality rates following 20 h exposure to dogs with collars (18%) or without collars (17%) were not significantly different. Effects of collars were tested when dogs had been wearing them for 8 days. A previous trial against the sandfly P. perniciosus Newstead in France, using smaller dogs, showed that effects of such collars were not fully realized until they had been worn for 2 weeks or more; they remained effective for at least 8 months and killed significant proportionsof the sandflies exposed. Present results with P. papatasi, confirming that this simple device provides effective protection against sandflies, are considered sufficiently encouraging to justify a community-wide field trial of deltamethrin-impregnated dog collars against ZVL vector sandflies in Iran.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 21/09/20 alle ore 18:33:18