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Titolo:
The influence of religion on alcohol use initiation: Evidence for genotypex environment interaction
Autore:
Koopmans, JR; Slutske, WS; van Baal, GCM; Boomsma, DI;
Indirizzi:
Free Univ Amsterdam, Dept Biol Psychol, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands Free Univ Amsterdam Amsterdam Netherlands NL-1081 HV terdam, Netherlands Univ Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 USA Univ Missouri Columbia MO USA 65211Univ Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 USA
Titolo Testata:
BEHAVIOR GENETICS
fascicolo: 6, volume: 29, anno: 1999,
pagine: 445 - 453
SICI:
0001-8244(199911)29:6<445:TIOROA>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DRUG-USE; TWINS; PARENTS; TOBACCO;
Keywords:
religion; alcohol use initiation; genotype X environment interaction; Dutch twins;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
21
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Koopmans, JR Free Univ Amsterdam, Dept Biol Psychol, De Boelelaan 1111, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands Free Univ Amsterdam De Boelelaan 1111 Amsterdam Netherlands NL-1081 HV
Citazione:
J.R. Koopmans et al., "The influence of religion on alcohol use initiation: Evidence for genotypex environment interaction", BEHAV GENET, 29(6), 1999, pp. 445-453

Abstract

We examined the possible role of religious upbringing as a mediator of theshared environmental influences and as a moderator of the genetic influences on the risk of alcohol use initiation in a large population-based sampleof Dutch adolescent and young adult twins (1967 twin pairs). There was nota significant association between religious participation and alcohol use initiation among Dutch adolescents and young adults. We also hypothesized that the relative magnitude of the genetic influences on the risk of alcoholuse initiation would be greater for those adolescents and young adults whowere raised in a less religious environment compared to those adolescents and young adults who were raised in a more religious environment. We indeedfound higher heritabilities for females without a religious upbringing compared to females with a religious upbringing. Genetic influences accounted for 40% of the variance in alcohol use initiation in nonreligious females, compared to 0% in religiously raised females. Shared environmental influences accounted for 54% of the variance for nonreligious females and 88% of the variance in religious females. For males, the genetic variance was also higher in the nonreligious group compared to the religious group, but this difference was not statistically significant. Whether or not they were raised religiously, the liability to alcohol use initiation in males was moderately influenced by genetic factors (30%) and substantially influenced by shared environmental factors (60%).

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Documento generato il 18/01/20 alle ore 07:21:11