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Titolo:
A historical perspective and future outlook on landscape scale restorationin the northwest Wisconsin pine barrens
Autore:
Radeloff, VC; Mladenoff, DJ; Boyce, MS;
Indirizzi:
Univ Wisconsin, Dept Forest Ecol & Management, Madison, WI 53706 USA Univ Wisconsin Madison WI USA 53706 l & Management, Madison, WI 53706 USA Univ Wisconsin, Coll Nat Resources, Stevens Point, WI 54481 USA Univ Wisconsin Stevens Point WI USA 54481 es, Stevens Point, WI 54481 USA
Titolo Testata:
RESTORATION ECOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 8, anno: 2000,
pagine: 119 - 126
SICI:
1061-2971(200006)8:2<119:AHPAFO>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
YELLOWSTONE-NATIONAL-PARK; PRE-EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT; JACK PINE; CLEAR-CUT; FIRE SUPPRESSION; BOREAL FORESTS; OLD-GROWTH; ECOLOGY; MANAGEMENT; PATTERN;
Keywords:
disturbance; fire; forest management; landscape ecology; pine barrens; pattern; savanna; scale;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
64
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Radeloff, VC Univ Wisconsin, Dept Forest Ecol & Management, 1630 Linden Dr, Madison, WI53706 USA Univ Wisconsin 1630 Linden Dr Madison WI USA 53706 I53706 USA
Citazione:
V.C. Radeloff et al., "A historical perspective and future outlook on landscape scale restorationin the northwest Wisconsin pine barrens", RESTOR ECOL, 8(2), 2000, pp. 119-126

Abstract

The concurrent discussions of landscape scale restoration among restoration ecologists, and of historic disturbance pattern as a guideline for forestmanagement among forest scientists, offer a unique opportunity for collaboration between these traditionally separated fields. The objective of this study was to review the environmental history, early restoration projects, and current plans to restore landscape patterns at broader scales in the 450,000 ha northwest Wisconsin Pine Barrens. The Pine Barrens offer an example of a landscape shaped by fire in the past. In northwestern Wisconsin historically the barrens were a mosaic of open prairie, savanna, and pine forests on very poor, sandy soils. The surrounding region of better soils was otherwise heavily forested. Six restoration sites have been managed since themiddle of this century using prescribed burns to maintain the open, barrens habitat. However, these sites are not extensive enough to mimic the shifting mosaic of large open patches previously created by fire. Extensive clear-cuts may be used as a substitute for these large fire patches so that presettlement landscape patterns are more closely approximated in the current landscape. We suggest that such silvicultural treatments can be suitable torestore certain aspects of presettlement landscapes, such as landscape pattern and open habitat for species such as grassland birds. We are aware that the effects of fire and clear-cuts differ in many aspects and additional management tools, such as prescribed burning after harvesting, may assist in further approximating the effect of natural disturbance. However, the restoration of landscape pattern using clear-cuts may provide an important context for smaller isolated restoration sites even without the subsequent application of fire, in this formerly more open landscape.

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Documento generato il 15/07/20 alle ore 21:23:31