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Titolo:
Baseline prediction of 7-month cocaine abstinence for cocaine dependence patients
Autore:
Alterman, AI; McKay, JR; Mulvaney, FD; Cnaan, A; Cacciola, JS; Tourian, KA; Rutherford, MJ; Merikle, EP;
Indirizzi:
Univ Penn, Sch Med, Treatment Res Ctr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Univ Penn Philadelphia PA USA 19104 t Res Ctr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA VA Med Ctr, Philadelphia, PA USA VA Med Ctr Philadelphia PA USAVA Med Ctr, Philadelphia, PA USA Childrens Hosp, Dept Stat & Epidemiol, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Childrens Hosp Philadelphia PA USA 19104 miol, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Belmont Comprehens Ctr Treatment, Philadelphia, PA USA Belmont Comprehens Ctr Treatment Philadelphia PA USA hiladelphia, PA USA Univ Washington, Inst Alcohol & Drug Abuse, Seattle, WA 98105 USA Univ Washington Seattle WA USA 98105 & Drug Abuse, Seattle, WA 98105 USA Pfizer Inc, Groton, CT 06340 USA Pfizer Inc Groton CT USA 06340Pfizer Inc, Groton, CT 06340 USA
Titolo Testata:
DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
fascicolo: 3, volume: 59, anno: 2000,
pagine: 215 - 221
SICI:
0376-8716(20000601)59:3<215:BPO7CA>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ADDICTION SEVERITY INDEX; SUBSTANCE-ABUSERS; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; REHABILITATION; PSYCHOTHERAPY; ALCOHOLICS; INPATIENT;
Keywords:
cocaine dependence; baseline predictors; treatment outcome;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
19
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Alterman, AI Univ Penn, Sch Med, Treatment Res Ctr, 3900 Chestnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Univ Penn 3900 Chestnut St Philadelphia PA USA 191049104 USA
Citazione:
A.I. Alterman et al., "Baseline prediction of 7-month cocaine abstinence for cocaine dependence patients", DRUG AL DEP, 59(3), 2000, pp. 215-221

Abstract

A broad range of baseline subject variables was evaluated to identify predictors of 7-month cocaine use for 160 lower socioeconomic cocaine dependentmale veteran patients participating in either an intensive 1-month day hospital (DH; n = 90) or a 1-month inpatient (INP; n = 70) treatment program. The baseline measures included sociodemographic variables, the seven Addiction Severity Index composite scores, cocaine urine toxicology, craving, theSCL-90 total score, and lifetime psychiatric diagnoses. Since a proportionof subjects who reported no use at follow-up had positive urines, both liberal and conservative data estimation strategies were employed for subjectswithout urine toxicology data at follow-up who had reported no use (21% ofsubjects). Analyses were done separately for the DH and INP subjects. Under the conservative definition of cocaine abstinence/use, univariate correlations of predictor variables with 7-month cocaine use revealed no statistically significant relationships. Under the liberal definition of cocaine abstinence/use, only one variable, greater severity of alcohol problems at intake predicted cocaine abstinence at outcome. Because of the inability to predict treatment success, originally planned logistic regression analyses were not undertaken. The findings point to the difficulty of predicting long-term outcomes in cocaine dependent patients based on baseline information and to the importance of obtaining objective data on cocaine use. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 03/04/20 alle ore 07:09:13