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Titolo:
The relationship of childhood adiposity to parent body mass index and eating behavior
Autore:
Whitaker, RC; Deeks, CM; Baughcum, AE; Specker, BL;
Indirizzi:
Childrens Hosp, Med Ctr, Div Gen & Community Pediat, Cincinnati, OH 45229 USA Childrens Hosp Cincinnati OH USA 45229 y Pediat, Cincinnati, OH 45229 USA Childrens Hosp, Med Ctr, Gen Clin Res Ctr, Cincinnati, OH 45229 USA Childrens Hosp Cincinnati OH USA 45229 Res Ctr, Cincinnati, OH 45229 USA S Dakota State Univ, Martin Endowed Program Human Nutr, Brookings, SD 57007 USA S Dakota State Univ Brookings SD USA 57007 Nutr, Brookings, SD 57007 USA
Titolo Testata:
OBESITY RESEARCH
fascicolo: 3, volume: 8, anno: 2000,
pagine: 234 - 240
SICI:
1071-7323(200005)8:3<234:TROCAT>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY; SELF-REPORTED WEIGHT; RESTRICTING ACCESS; ENERGY-EXPENDITURE; DIETARY RESTRAINT; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY; FOOD PREFERENCES; RELATIVE WEIGHT; OBESITY; CHILDREN;
Keywords:
feeding behavior; body weight; hunger; parent; child;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
56
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Whitaker, RC Childrens Hosp, Med Ctr, Div Gen & Community Pediat, CH-1 South,3333 Burnet Ave, Cincinnati, OH 45229 USA Childrens Hosp CH-1 South,3333Burnet Ave Cincinnati OH USA 45229
Citazione:
R.C. Whitaker et al., "The relationship of childhood adiposity to parent body mass index and eating behavior", OBES RES, 8(3), 2000, pp. 234-240

Abstract

Objective: To better understand risk factors for the development of obesity in early childhood, we examined the association between children's adiposity and their parents' eating behavior and body mass index (BMI). Research Methods and Procedures: Parents of 85 white children 36 months ofage (49 boys and 36 girls) completed the Three-Factor Eating Questionnairemeasuring three dimensions of parent eating behavior: disinhibited eating,cognitive restraint of eating, and susceptibility to hunger. Parent BMI (kg/m(2)) was calculated using self-reported height and weight. The children's percentage body fat was assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry analysis. Results: Twenty-six percent of parents were obese (BMI greater than or equal to 30 kg/m(2)). Both maternal and paternal BMI were associated with higher scores for disinhibition (r = 0.69 and r = 0.68, p < 0.001), and maternal BMI was also associated with higher scores for hunger (r = 0.51, p < 0.001). There were no significant relationships between children's percentage body fat and parent eating scores, and the correlation between children's percentage body fat and parent BMI was significant only between mothers and daughters (r = 0.35, p = 0.04). Obese parents were no more likely to have a child who was fatter (upper quintile of percentage body fat for gender). Discussion: Among 36 month-old white children, parent eating behavior was related to parent BMI, but not to children's adiposity. There was only a weak relationship between parent BMI and child adiposity. Despite the aggregation of adiposity within families due to shared genes and environments, children may not express differences in susceptibility to obesity by 3 years of age.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/12/20 alle ore 21:10:39