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Titolo:
Interlaboratory comparison of HPLC-fluorescence detection and GC/MS: analysis of PAH compounds present in diesel exhaust
Autore:
Gratz, LD; Bagley, ST; Leddy, DG; Johnson, JH; Chiu, C; Stommel, P;
Indirizzi:
Michigan Technol Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Houghton, MI 49931 USA Michigan Technol Univ Houghton MI USA 49931 l Sci, Houghton, MI 49931 USA Michigan Technol Univ, Dept Mech Engn Engn Mech, Houghton, MI 49931 USA Michigan Technol Univ Houghton MI USA 49931 Mech, Houghton, MI 49931 USA Environm Canada, Environm Technol Ctr, Anal & Air Qual Div, Ottawa, ON K1A0H3, Canada Environm Canada Ottawa ON Canada K1A 0H3 l Div, Ottawa, ON K1A0H3, Canada FEV Motorentech KG, D-52078 Aachen, Germany FEV Motorentech KG Aachen Germany D-52078 ch KG, D-52078 Aachen, Germany
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
fascicolo: 1-2, volume: 74, anno: 2000,
pagine: 37 - 46
SICI:
0304-3894(20000529)74:1-2<37:ICOHDA>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS;
Keywords:
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; diesel exhaust emissions; interlaboratory comparison; analysis;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Engineering, Computing & Technology
Citazioni:
14
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Bagley, ST Michigan Technol Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Houghton, MI 49931 USA Michigan Technol Univ Houghton MI USA 49931 hton, MI 49931 USA
Citazione:
L.D. Gratz et al., "Interlaboratory comparison of HPLC-fluorescence detection and GC/MS: analysis of PAH compounds present in diesel exhaust", J HAZARD M, 74(1-2), 2000, pp. 37-46

Abstract

For laboratories involved in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) analyses in environmental samples, it is very useful to participate in interlaboratory comparison studies which provide a mechanism for comparing analytical methods. This is particularly important when PAH analyses are routinely done using a single technique. The results are reported for such an interlaboratory comparison study, in which the four selected participating laboratories quantitatively analyzed several PAH compounds in diesel exhaust samples. The samples included particle and vapor phase extracts collected and prepared at Michigan Technological University (MTU PE and MTU VE, respectively),a diesel particle extract prepared by the National Institute for Standardsand Technology (NIST, SRM 1975), and a fully characterized diesel particlesample (NIST SRM 1650), One of the laboratories used only HPLC-FLD, one used only GC/MS and two laboratories used both methods for the routine analysis of PAH in environmental samples. Data were obtained for five PAH compounds: fluoranthene, pyrene, benz[a]anthracene, benzo[a]pyrene, and benzo[g,h,i]perylene. The mean PAH levels found for SRM 1650 were outside the range reported by NIST. The range in the reported means was from 24% lower than certified for benz[a]anthracene to 41% higher for benzo[g,h,i]perylene. For the previously uncharacrerized samples in this study (SRM 1975. MTU PEand MTU VE), two-thirds of the reported results were higher for the HPLC-FLD method than for the GC/MS. The range in differences between methods was from-54 to + 31% calculated as the difference in GC/MS value relative to the HPLC value for each or the compared compounds. Coefficients of variation for the uncharacterized samples appeared to be higher, in most (but not all) cases, for the HPLC-FLD than for the GC/MS. The resolution of certain PAH isomers (e.g. benz[a]anthracene and chrysene, or the benzofluoranthenes), was better. as expected, for HPLC than for GC. Generally lower detection limits (by an order of magnitude or more) were reported for GC/MS than for HPLC-FLD. On the basis of this limited study, it seems as though significant differences may exist between laboratories. if not between methods, in the analysis of certain PAH compounds in real dieselsamples by HPLC-FLD compared to GC/MS. If possible. measurements should bemade using both methods. This is particularly important where potential interferences are undefined or subject to change, as is frequently the case with real environmental samples. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 12:31:46