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Titolo:
Habitual activities and peak aerobic capacity in patients with asymptomatic and symptomatic left ventricular dysfunction - Use of a new physical activity scoring system
Autore:
Mezzani, A; Corra, U; Baroffio, C; Bosimini, E; Giannuzzi, P;
Indirizzi:
Salvatore Maugeri Fdn, Veruno Rehabil Ctr, Div Cardiol, Veruno, NO, Italy Salvatore Maugeri Fdn Veruno NO Italy tr, Div Cardiol, Veruno, NO, Italy
Titolo Testata:
CHEST
fascicolo: 5, volume: 117, anno: 2000,
pagine: 1291 - 1299
SICI:
0012-3692(200005)117:5<1291:HAAPAC>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CHRONIC HEART-FAILURE; SKELETAL-MUSCLE; OXYGEN-UPTAKE; EXERCISE; METABOLISM; RESPONSES; POWER; MEN;
Keywords:
asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction; chronic heart failure; daily physical activity; peak aerobic capacity;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Mezzani, A Via Nuova Intra Premeno 114, I-28811 Arizzano, VB, Italy Via Nuova Intra Premeno 114 Arizzano VB Italy I-28811 B, Italy
Citazione:
A. Mezzani et al., "Habitual activities and peak aerobic capacity in patients with asymptomatic and symptomatic left ventricular dysfunction - Use of a new physical activity scoring system", CHEST, 117(5), 2000, pp. 1291-1299

Abstract

Background: A reduced level of daily activities is thought to be an important determinant of aerobic exercise intolerance ill patients with chronic heart failure chronic heart failure; however, few data exist about the relationship between habitual physical activity level and peak aerobic capacity in patients at different clinical stages of left ventricular dysfunction. Study objectives:es: The purposes of this study were as follow: (1) to validate a simple interviewer-administered scoring system for evaluation of habitual physical activity level of patients with chronic heart failure and asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction (ALVD); (2) to determine the relationship between habitual physical activity level and peak aerobic capacity in chronic heart failure and ALVD patients; and (3) to compare habitual activity levels among different New York Heart Association (NYHA) classes in these populations,Setting: Cardiology division at a tertiary-care hospital. Study population: We studied 167 consecutive patients with chronic heart failure (NYHA class I to III), 40 patients with AT;VD, and 52 healthy subjects (HS). Measurements and results: Habitual physical activity level was evaluated by means of an interview-based activity scoring system considering leisure time and occupational activities and also recent deconditioning events (eg, hospital admissions); a final activity score (AS) ranging from 0.8 to 5 wasobtained. All patients and NS performed a symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise test up, to a respiratory exchange ratio of greater than or equal to 1.1. AS was an independent predictor of peak oxygen consumption ((V) over dot O-2) in all groups, with a significantly higher (V)O-2, vs AS relationship slope in the ALVD and RS groups than in the chronic heart failure group. Moreover, AS was found to be significantly lower hi chronic heart failure than in ALVD patients and HS (1.6 +/- 0.6 vs 2.2 +/- 0.7 vs 3.5 +/- 1.1,respectively; p < 0.0001), as was peak (V) over dot O-2 (14.7 +/- 3.7 mL/kg/min vs 20 +/- 4 mL/kg/min vs 33.1 +/- 10 mL/kg/min, respectively; p < 0.0001), but the latter differences were canceled after adjusting for AS values. Significant AS and peak (V) over dot O-2, reductions were observed in chronic heart failure patients with NYHA class progression from I to III. Conclusions: Habitual physical activity level is progressively decreased with worsening of heart failure symptoms and is related to peak aerobic capacity in both chronic heart failure and ALVD patients. However, this relationship al,pears to be weak in patients with chronic heart failure, whereas daily activity is a strong independent predictor of peak aerobic capacity both in ALVD patients and HS. This may be related to the intervention of factors other than skeletal muscle deconditioning in the exercise pathophysiology of chronic heart failure patients.

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Documento generato il 24/11/20 alle ore 14:38:29