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Titolo:
Effectiveness of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) in reducing robberies
Autore:
Casteel, C; Peek-Asa, C;
Indirizzi:
Univ Calif Los Angeles, Sch Publ Hlth, So Calif Injury Prevent Res Ctr, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles Los Angeles CA USA 90095 Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
fascicolo: 4, volume: 18, anno: 2000, supplemento:, S
pagine: 99 - 115
SICI:
0749-3797(200005)18:4<99:EOCPTE>2.0.ZU;2-N
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CONVENIENCE STORE ROBBERIES; METROPOLITAN-AREAS; RISK-FACTORS; INJURIES; VIOLENCE;
Keywords:
intervention studies; occupational health safety; environment design; crime; violence; workplace; review literature;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
40
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Casteel, C Univ Calif Los Angeles, Sch Publ Hlth, So Calif Injury Prevent Res Ctr, 10833 Le Conte Ave,Room 76-078, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles 10833 Le Conte Ave,Room 76-078 Los Angeles CA USA 90095
Citazione:
C. Casteel e C. Peek-Asa, "Effectiveness of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) in reducing robberies", AM J PREV M, 18(4), 2000, pp. 99-115

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) approach in reducing robberies. Methods: CPTED evaluations were obtained through a comprehensive search mechanism. Two sets of inclusion criteria were used: 16 primary studies evaluated a CPTED program with a comparison period; 12 secondary studies presented some evidence of CPTED effects but were not required to have the same level of scientific rigor. The percentage change in pre- and post-intervention events was the outcome examined. Studies were stratified by programs implementing multiple components, a single component, and through ordinances. Main Results: All primary multiple-component CPTED programs experienced a percentage change in robberies ranging from -84% to -30%. Single-component program effects ranged from -83% to +91%, and ordinances ranged from -65% to +130%. Secondary studies reported robbery changes ranging between -92% and +7.6%. Robbery reductions were larger for interventions comprising basic store design, cash control, and training components compared to those including equipment systems. No associations were found between robbery decreases and either the follow-up period or the number of program components. Studies examining nonfatal injuries found a median pre-post change of -61%; those examining homicides found changes ranging from 0% to +11%. Conclusions: The broad nature of the CPTED approach allows its adaptation to any setting, and results indicate that it is an effective approach to reducing robbery. However, most interventions were not evaluated independently of other factors contributing to robbery risk. More research is needed onindividual components and effects in various business settings.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 04:00:55