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Titolo:
Trait anxiety, defensiveness and selective processing of threat: an investigation using two measures of attentional bias
Autore:
Mogg, K; Bradley, BP; Dixon, C; Fisher, S; Twelftree, H; McWilliams, A;
Indirizzi:
Univ Cambridge, Dept Expt Psychol, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England Univ Cambridge Cambridge England CB2 3EB hol, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England
Titolo Testata:
PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
fascicolo: 6, volume: 28, anno: 2000,
pagine: 1063 - 1077
SICI:
0191-8869(200006)28:6<1063:TADASP>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SOCIAL DESIRABILITY SCALE; EMOTIONAL DISORDERS; INFORMATION; REPLICATION; ALLOCATION; DEPRESSION; STATES; FACES; WORDS;
Keywords:
anxiety; defensiveness; attentional bias;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
34
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Mogg, K Univ Cambridge, Dept Expt Psychol, Downing St, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England Univ Cambridge Downing St Cambridge England CB2 3EB 3EB, England
Citazione:
K. Mogg et al., "Trait anxiety, defensiveness and selective processing of threat: an investigation using two measures of attentional bias", PERS INDIV, 28(6), 2000, pp. 1063-1077

Abstract

Attentional biases for threat were examined in a non-clinical sample (N = 60), with each participant tested on both the modified Stroop colour-namingand dot probe tasks. Three groups were selected on the basis of trait anxiety and social desirability scale (SDS) scores: "low anxiety" (LA: low trait, low SDS), "repressor" (REP: low trait, high SDS) and "high anxiety" (HA:high trait, low SDS). Results from the colour-naming task suggested that high levels of defensiveness (in combination with low trait anxiety) were associated with greater avoidance of threat. The REP group showed less interference in colour-naming threat than neutral words; whereas the HA group showed increased interference due to threat words. On the dot probe task, there was a general tendency for this non-clinical sample as a whole to show avoidance of social threat relative to neutral words, but there was no bias for physical threat words. Avoidance: of social threat was significant only within the REP group. No relationships were found between the measures of cognitive bias from the two tasks, suggesting different underlying mechanisms. Results are discussed in relation to previous findings and theoretical views of the effects of anxiety and defensiveness on the processing of threat. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 10/04/20 alle ore 01:44:46