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Titolo:
Visual sustained attention in a child psychiatric population
Autore:
Swaab-Barneveld, H; de Sonneville, L; Cohen-Kettenis, P; Gielen, A; Buitelaar, J; van Engeland, H;
Indirizzi:
Univ Utrecht Hosp, Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat, NL-3508 GA Utrecht, Netherlands Univ Utrecht Hosp Utrecht Netherlands NL-3508 GA GA Utrecht, Netherlands Rudolf Magnus Inst Neurosci, Utrecht, Netherlands Rudolf Magnus Inst Neurosci Utrecht Netherlands i, Utrecht, Netherlands Free Univ Amsterdam Hosp, Div Pediat Neurol, Amsterdam, Netherlands Free Univ Amsterdam Hosp Amsterdam Netherlands , Amsterdam, Netherlands
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 5, volume: 39, anno: 2000,
pagine: 651 - 659
SICI:
0890-8567(200005)39:5<651:VSAIAC>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CONTINUOUS PERFORMANCE TASK; CLOSED-HEAD INJURY; VIGILANCE PERFORMANCE; HYPERACTIVITY; DEFICIT; METHYLPHENIDATE; DISORDER; ADHD; TIME; INTELLIGENCE;
Keywords:
sustained attention; vigilance; continuous performance; attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Swaab-Barneveld, H Univ Utrecht Hosp, Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat, POB 85500, NL-3508 GAUtrecht, Netherlands Univ Utrecht Hosp POB 85500 Utrecht Netherlands NL-3508 GA
Citazione:
H. Swaab-Barneveld et al., "Visual sustained attention in a child psychiatric population", J AM A CHIL, 39(5), 2000, pp. 651-659

Abstract

Objective: To increase knowledge of the diversity and specificity of sustained attention deficits in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with special reference to the issue of distinguishing between children with ADHD and children with other psychiatric diagnoses. Method:A Visual sustained attention task was used to compare 52 boys with ADHD with 55 normal controls, 29 boys with oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder (ODD/CD), 29 boys with anxiety or dysthymia (ANX/DYS), 43 boys with pervasive developmental disorder, 24 boys with ADHD plus ODD/CD, and 14boys with ADHD plus ANX/DYS. Results: Compared with normal controls, children with ADHD were slower, were more inaccurate, were more impulsive, were less responsive to feedback, and showed less perceptual sensitivity and stability of performance, resulting in a marked decrease in vigilance over time. Unresponsiveness to feedback and the extent of the decrease in Vigilanceduring time on task were found to be the only factors that distinguished children with ADHD from children with other diagnoses. Conclusion: Although only children with ADHD are characterized primarily by "attention deficit" sustained attention deficit is common to a certain extent to all children with psychiatric disorders.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 20/01/20 alle ore 22:09:47