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Titolo:
Hydrodynamic and colloidal interactions in concentrated charge-stabilized polymer dispersions
Autore:
Horn, FM; Richtering, W; Bergenholtz, J; Willenbacher, N; Wagner, NJ;
Indirizzi:
Univ Freiburg, Inst Macromol Chem, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany Univ Freiburg Freiburg Germany D-79104 l Chem, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany Gothenburg Univ, Dept Phys Chem, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden Gothenburg Univ Gothenburg Sweden S-41296 em, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden BASF AG, Polymers Lab, D-67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany BASF AG Ludwigshafen Germany D-67056 Lab, D-67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany Univ Delaware, Dept Chem Engn, Ctr Mol & Engn Thermodynam, Newark, DE 19716 USA Univ Delaware Newark DE USA 19716 Engn Thermodynam, Newark, DE 19716 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE
fascicolo: 1, volume: 225, anno: 2000,
pagine: 166 - 178
SICI:
0021-9797(20000501)225:1<166:HACIIC>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ELASTIC LIGHT-SCATTERING; HARD-SPHERE COLLOIDS; LOW-SHEAR VISCOSITY; ELECTROPHORETIC MOBILITY; VISCOELASTIC PROPERTIES; POLYSTYRENE LATTICES; LATEX DISPERSIONS; SELF-DIFFUSION; SINGLE-MODE; SUSPENSIONS;
Keywords:
charge stabilized dispersions; polymer latex; surface charge; torsional resonance; FOQELS; short-time self-diffusion; high-frequency modulus; high-frequency viscosity; zeta-potential;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
63
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Richtering, W Univ Freiburg, Inst Macromol Chem, Stefan Meier Str 31, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany Univ Freiburg Stefan Meier Str 31 Freiburg Germany D-79104
Citazione:
F.M. Horn et al., "Hydrodynamic and colloidal interactions in concentrated charge-stabilized polymer dispersions", J COLL I SC, 225(1), 2000, pp. 166-178

Abstract

Hydrodynamic and colloidal interactions are explored in concentrated, charge-stabilized colloidal dispersions by measuring the dependence of rheology(e.g., low and high-shear viscosity, high-frequency viscosity, and modulus) and self-diffusivity on salt content, particle size, and concentration. Model, sulfonated polystyrene lactices of varying diameter are prepared and investigated by shear rheology, high-frequency torsional resonance, electrophoresis, titration, and dynamic light scattering. The high-frequency and high-shear viscosity both are dominated by hydrodynamic interactions but areshown not to be identical, due to the microstructure distortion resulting from high shear rates. The short-time self-diffusion is also shown to be insensitive to direct particle interactions, but has a different concentration dependence than the high-frequency viscosity, further illustrating a predicted violation of a generalized Stokes-Einstein relationship for these properties. The apparent colloidal surface charge is extracted from the high-frequency elastic modulus measurements on concentrated dispersions. The surface charge is in good agreement with results from critical coagulation concentration measurements and perturbation theories, but disagrees with electrophoretic mobility experiments. This indicates that the effective surface charge determined by torsional high-frequency measurements is a more reliable predicter of the salt stability of charge-stabilized dispersions, in comparison to zeta-potentials determined from electrophoretic mobilities. Further, we demonstrate by direct comparison that measurements of the apparent plateau modulus by rotational rheometry underestimate the true, high-frequency modulus and provide unreliable estimates for the surface charge. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

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Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 22:27:14