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Titolo:
The Iceland plume in space and time: a Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf study of the North Atlantic rifted margin
Autore:
Kempton, PD; Fitton, JG; Saunders, AD; Nowell, GM; Taylor, RN; Hardarson, BS; Pearson, G;
Indirizzi:
NERC, Isotope Geosci Lab, Kingsley Dunham Ctr, Keyworth NG12 5GG, Notts, England NERC Keyworth Notts England NG12 5GG r, Keyworth NG12 5GG, Notts, England Univ Edinburgh, Grant Inst Geol, Edinburgh EH9 3JW, Midlothian, Scotland Univ Edinburgh Edinburgh Midlothian Scotland EH9 3JW Midlothian, Scotland Univ Leicester, Dept Geol, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England Univ Leicester Leicester Leics England LE1 7RH er LE1 7RH, Leics, England Southampton Oceanog Ctr, Southampton SO14 3ZH, Hants, England Southampton Oceanog Ctr Southampton Hants England SO14 3ZH Hants, England Univ Durham, Dept Geol Sci, Durham DH1 3LE, England Univ Durham Durham England DH1 3LE ept Geol Sci, Durham DH1 3LE, England
Titolo Testata:
EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS
fascicolo: 3-4, volume: 177, anno: 2000,
pagine: 255 - 271
SICI:
0012-821X(20000430)177:3-4<255:TIPISA>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EAST PACIFIC RISE; OCEAN-RIDGE BASALTS; MANTLE-PLUME; ISOTOPE GEOCHEMISTRY; REYKJANES-RIDGE; TERTIARY BASALTS; DEPLETED MANTLE; LU-HF; LEAD; CONSTRAINTS;
Keywords:
Iceland; mantle plumes; North Atlantic; mid-ocean ridge basalts; hafnium; isotopes;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
61
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kempton, PD NERC, Isotope Geosci Lab, Kingsley Dunham Ctr, Keyworth NG12 5GG, Notts, England NERC Keyworth Notts England NG12 5GG NG12 5GG, Notts, England
Citazione:
P.D. Kempton et al., "The Iceland plume in space and time: a Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf study of the North Atlantic rifted margin", EARTH PLAN, 177(3-4), 2000, pp. 255-271

Abstract

New Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf data require the existence of at least four mantle components in the genesis of basalts from the the North Atlantic Igneous Province (NAIP): (1) one (or more likely a small range of) enriched component(s) within the Iceland plume, (2) a depleted component within the Iceland plume (distinct from the shallow N-MORB source), (3) a depleted sheath surrounding the plume and (4) shallow N-MORB source mantle. These components have been available since the major phase of igneous activity associated with plume head impact during Paleogene times. In Hf-Nd isotope space, samples from Iceland, DSDP Leg 49 (Sites 407, 408 and 409), ODP Legs 152 and 163 (southeastGreenland margin), the Reykjanes Ridge, Kolbeinsey Ridge and DSDP Leg 38 (Site 348) define fields that are oblique to the main ocean island basalt array and extend toward a component with higher Hf-176/Hf-177 than the N-MORBsource available prior to arrival of the plume, as indicated by the compositions of Cretaceous basalts from Goban Spur (similar to 95 Ma). Aside fromGoban Spur, only basalts from Hatton Bank on the oceanward side of the Rockall Plateau (DSDP Leg 81) lie consistently within the field of N-MORB, which indicates that the compositional influence of the plume did not reach this far south and east similar to 55 Ma ago. Thus, I-If-Nd isotope systematics are consistent with previous studies which indicate that shallow MORB-source mantle does not represent the depleted component within the Iceland plume [Thirlwall, J. Geol. Soc. London 152 (1995) 991-996; Hards et al., J. Geol. Sec. London 152 (1995) 1003-1009; Fitton et al., Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 153 (1997) 197-208]. They also indicate that the depleted component is a long-lived and intrinsic feature of the Iceland plume, generated during an ancient melting event in which a mineral (such as garnet) with a high Lu/Hf was a residual phase. Collectively, these data suggest a model for the Iceland plume in which a heterogeneous core, derived from the lower mantle, consists of 'enriched' streaks or blobs dispersed in a more depleted matrix. A distinguishing feature of both the enriched and depleted components is high Nb/Y for a given Zr/Y (i.e. positive Delta Nb), but the enriched component has higher Sr and Pb isotope ratios, combined with lower epsilon Nd and epsilon Hf. This heterogeneous core is surrounded by a sheath of depletedmaterial, similar to the depleted component of the Iceland plume in its epsilon Nd and epsilon Hf, but with lower Sr-87/Sr-86, Pb-208/Pb-204 and negative Delta Nb; this material was probably entrained from near the 670 km discontinuity when the plume stalled at the boundary between the upper and lower mantle. The plume sheath displaced more normal MORB asthenosphere (distinguished by its lower epsilon Hf for a given epsilon Nd or Zr/Nb ratio), which existed in the North Atlantic prior to plume impact. Preliminary data on MORBs from near the Azores plume suggest that much of the North Atlanticmay be 'polluted' not only by enriched plume material but also by depletedmaterial similar to the Iceland plume sheath. If this hypothesis is correct, it may provide a general explanation for some of the compositional diversity and variations in inferred depth of melting [Klein and Langmuir, J. Geophys. Res. 92 (1987) 8089-8115] along the MAR in the North Atlantic. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 02/12/20 alle ore 14:05:15