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Titolo:
Decomposition in the field of residues of oilseed rape grown at two levelsof nitrogen fertilisation. Effects on the dynamics of soil mineral nitrogen between successive crops
Autore:
Trinsoutrot, I; Nicolardot, B; Justes, E; Recous, S;
Indirizzi:
INRA, Ctr Rech Agron, Unite Agron Chalons Reims, F-51686 Reims 2, France INRA Reims France 2 , Unite Agron Chalons Reims, F-51686 Reims 2, France INRA, Unite Agron Laon Peronne, F-02007 Laon, France INRA Laon France F-02007 Unite Agron Laon Peronne, F-02007 Laon, France
Titolo Testata:
NUTRIENT CYCLING IN AGROECOSYSTEMS
fascicolo: 2, volume: 56, anno: 2000,
pagine: 125 - 137
SICI:
1385-1314(200002)56:2<125:DITFOR>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MICROBIAL BIOMASS; N-MINERALIZATION; PLANT-MATERIAL; WHEAT-STRAW; SEASONAL-CHANGES; PARTICLE-SIZE; INORGANIC-N; WEIGHT-LOSS; FERTILIZER; AVAILABILITY;
Keywords:
Brassica napus L.; plant residues; decomposition; N mineralisation; N immobilisation; modelling;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
54
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Nicolardot, B INRA, Ctr Rech Agron, Unite Agron Chalons Reims, 2 EsplanadeRoland Garros,BP 224, F-51686 Reims 2, France INRA 2 Esplanade Roland Garros,BP 224 Reims France 2 France
Citazione:
I. Trinsoutrot et al., "Decomposition in the field of residues of oilseed rape grown at two levelsof nitrogen fertilisation. Effects on the dynamics of soil mineral nitrogen between successive crops", NUTR CYCL A, 56(2), 2000, pp. 125-137

Abstract

The decomposition of oilseed rape residues of different quality and its effects on the mineral N dynamics of the soil in the period between crops were studied in situ. The residues studied were obtained by growing an oilseedrape crop at two levels of N fertilisation, 0 and 270 kg N ha(-1). The study was carried out using two types of experiment: field plots and cylindersfilled with disturbed soil and inserted into the soil. The decomposition of the residues was followed using an approach involving the dynamics of both carbon and nitrogen, the parameters measured being the CO2 emitted from the soil, the soil mineral N content, the C present in soluble form or in the form of microbial biomass, and the C and N present in the form of plant residues. The two residues studied, of similar biochemical composition, and differing only in their N content, were rapidly mineralised: approximately 50% of the carbon in the residues was decomposed during the first two months following incorporation into the soil. The carbon mineralised in the form of CO2 was largely related to the C present in the residues, no relationship having been found with the C present in soluble form or in the form of microbialbiomass. Calculation of net N mineralisation from the residues using a model of mineralisation and leaching has provided evidence of an immobilisation phase for soil mineral N, during the first steps of residues decomposition. Labelling the high-N residues with N-15 has moreover enabled us to demonstrate the low availability of the organic N from this residue, 20.8% of the organicN being mineralised in the course of 18 months of experimentation. Eventually, only the highest-N content residue resulted in a mineral N surplus in the soil, equivalent to 9 kg N ha(-1), by comparison with the control soil. Finally, this study has provided good evidence of the complementarity between the two experimental methods. The cylinders of disturbed soil gave a precise measurement of the decomposition of the residues, especially by meansof monitoring soil respiration. The field plots were used to monitor the dynamics of soil mineral N which were calculated with the aid of a mathematical model of mineralisation and leaching of nitrogen in the presence and absence of residues.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/11/20 alle ore 13:48:13